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Do Exporters Pay Higher Wages? Plant-level Evidence from an Export Refund Policy in Chile

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  • Ivan T. Kandilov
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    Abstract

    The impact of increased export activity on plant wages is estimated in a developing country context. To avoid potential endogenous selection problems, the empirical analysis benefits from exogenous variation in exports induced by a policy experiment--an export subsidy system implemented in Chile in 1986. Analyses using data from a panel survey of Chilean manufacturing establishments show that while the export subsidy had only a modest positive impact on the industrywide relative high-skilled wage, it significantly increased the plant-level relative high-skilled wage in medium-size establishments, which are most likely to take advantage of the subsidy and enter the export market. Copyright The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / the world bank . All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org, Oxford University Press.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by World Bank Group in its journal The World Bank Economic Review.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 269-294

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    Handle: RePEc:oup:wbecrv:v:23:y:2009:i:2:p:269-294

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    Cited by:
    1. Coad, Alex & Segarra Blasco, Agustí & Teruel Carrizosa, Mercedes, 2010. "Like milk or wine: Does firm performance improve with age?," Working Papers 2072/179572, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    2. Joachim Wagner, 2011. "International Trade and Firm Performance: A Survey of Empirical Studies since 2006," Working Paper Series in Economics 210, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    3. Braymen, Charles B., 2011. "Sectoral structure, heterogeneous plants, and international trade," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 1967-1976, July.
    4. Jorge Friedman & Nanno Mulder & Sebastián Faúndez & Esteban Pérez Caldentey & Carlos Yévenes & Mario Velásquez & Fernando Baizán & Gerhard Reinecke, 2011. "Openness, Wage Gaps and Unions in Chile: A Micro Econometric Analysis," OECD Trade Policy Papers 134, OECD Publishing.

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