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Repurchase Premia as a Reason for Dividends: A Dynamic Model of Corporate Payout Policies

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  • Chowdhry, Bhagwan
  • Nanda, Vikram

Abstract

We propose that it is precisely because firms' repurchases of their own stock through tender offers are associated with large stock-price increases that repurchases are unattractive as a means of distributing cash. As a result, firms distribute some cash in the form of dividends--despite the tax disadvantage--and carry the rest to future periods. However, when their stock is sufficiently undervalued, firms distribute all accumulated cash through stock repurchases. We show that dividends are smoothed and are positively related both to earnings innovations and to previous period's dividends. Also, the stock-price reaction to a repurchase announcement, of a given size, is increasing in the previous period's dividends. Article published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Financial Studies in its journal, The Review of Financial Studies.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Society for Financial Studies in its journal Review of Financial Studies.

Volume (Year): 7 (1994)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 321-50

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Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:7:y:1994:i:2:p:321-50

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Cited by:
  1. Franklin Allen & Antonio Bernardo & Ivo Welch, 1998. "A Theory of Dividends Based on Tax Clienteles," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm92, Yale School of Management.
  2. Alon Brav & John R. Graham & Campbell R. Harvey & Roni Michaely, 2003. "Payout Policy in the 21st Century," NBER Working Papers 9657, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Baker, H. Kent & Powell, Gary E. & Veit, E. Theodore, 2002. "Revisiting the dividend puzzle: Do all of the pieces now fit?," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 241-261.
  4. George W. Fenn & Nellie Liang, 1997. "Good news and bad news about share repurchases," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 1998-04, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  5. Oded, Jacob, 2009. "Optimal execution of open-market stock repurchase programs," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 832-869, November.
  6. Oded, Jacob, 2011. "Stock repurchases: How firms choose between a self tender offer and an open-market program," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 3174-3187.
  7. Francis Longstaff & Monika Piazzesi, 2003. "Corporate Earnings and the Equity Premium," NBER Working Papers 10054, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Jain, Bharat A. & Shekhar, Chander & Torbey, Violet, 2009. "Payout initiation by IPO firms: The choice between dividends and share repurchases," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 1275-1297, November.
  9. Fenn, George W. & Liang, Nellie, 2001. "Corporate payout policy and managerial stock incentives," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 45-72, April.

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