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Originate-to-distribute Model and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis

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  • Amiyatosh Purnanandam

Abstract

An originate-to-distribute (OTD) model of lending, where the originator of a loan sells it to various third parties, was a popular method of mortgage lending before the onset of the subprime mortgage crisis. We show that banks with high involvement in the OTD market during the pre-crisis period originated excessively poor-quality mortgages. This result is not explained away by differences in observable borrower quality, geographical location of the property, or the cost of capital of high- and low-OTD banks. Instead, our evidence supports the view that the originating banks did not expend resources in screening their borrowers. The effect of OTD lending on poor mortgage quality is stronger for capital-constrained banks. Overall, we provide evidence that lack of screening incentives coupled with leverage-induced risk-taking behavior significantly contributed to the current subprime mortgage crisis. The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Society for Financial Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com., Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Society for Financial Studies in its journal Review of Financial Studies.

Volume (Year): 24 (2011)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 1881-1915

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Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:24:y:2011:i:6:p:1881-1915

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Cited by:
  1. Thorsten Beck & Tao Chen & Chen Lin & Frank M. Song, 2012. "Financial Innovation: The Bright and the Dark Sides," Working Papers 052012, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  2. Maxim Zagonov, 2011. "Securitization and Bank Intermediation Function," Finance zagonov-wpsz2011, Socionet.
  3. Nadauld, Taylor D. & Sherlund, Shane M., 2013. "The impact of securitization on the expansion of subprime credit," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(2), pages 454-476.
  4. Godlewski, Christophe J., 2014. "Bank loans and borrower value during the global financial crisis: Empirical evidence from France," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 100-130.
  5. Cerrato, Mario & Choudhry, Moorad & Crosby, John & Olukuru, John, 2012. "Why do UK banks securitize?," SIRE Discussion Papers 2012-18, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  6. Gene Amromin & Jennifer Huang & Clemens Sialm & Edward Zhong, 2010. "Complex mortgages," Working Paper Series WP-2010-17, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  7. Peersman, G. & Wagner, W.B., 2014. "Shocks to Bank Lending, Risk-Taking, Securitization, and Their Role for U.S. Business Cycle Fluctuations," Discussion Paper 2014-019, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  8. Oh, Ji Yeol Jimmy, 2014. "Ambiguity aversion, funding liquidity, and liquidation dynamics," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 49-76.
  9. Mayer, Chris & Piskorski, Tomasz & Tchistyi, Alexei, 2013. "The inefficiency of refinancing: Why prepayment penalties are good for risky borrowers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(3), pages 694-714.
  10. Bedendo, Mascia & Bruno, Brunella, 2012. "Credit risk transfer in U.S. commercial banks: What changed during the 2007–2009 crisis?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 3260-3273.
  11. Hryckiewicz, Aneta, 2014. "Originators, traders, neutrals, and traditioners – various banking business models across the globe. Does the business model matter for financial stability?," MPRA Paper 55118, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Gürtler, Marc & Hibbeln, Martin, 2012. "How smart are investors after the subprime mortgage crisis? Evidence from the securitization market," Working Papers IF39V1, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Institute of Finance.
  13. Gianni La Cava, 2013. "Liquidity Shocks and the US Housing Credit Crisis of 2007–2008," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2013-05, Reserve Bank of Australia.
  14. Ahn, Jung-Hyun & Breton, Régis, 2014. "Securitization, competition and monitoring," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 195-210.
  15. Ing-Haw Cheng & Sahil Raina & Wei Xiong, 2013. "Wall Street and the Housing Bubble," NBER Working Papers 18904, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Yuliya Demyanyk & Elena Loutskina, 2012. "Mortgage companies and regulatory arbitrage," Working Paper 1220R, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.

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