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Measurement Effects and the Variance of Returns after Stock Splits and Stock Dividends

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  • Koski, Jennifer Lynch

Abstract

This article examines the relation between two factors affecting stock returns, the bid-ask spread and price discreteness, and the increase in return variance after ex-dates of stock splits and stock dividends. Controlling for these effects, the variance of daily returns still increases significantly. The variance of weekly returns also increases significantly, and the variance of returns for a control sample of nonsplitting firms shows no significant increase. Variance ratio tests show that bid-ask errors are small for these stocks and therefore cannot explain the large increase in variance. Spreads and price discreteness do not explain increased variance after stock distributions. Article published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Financial Studies in its journal, The Review of Financial Studies.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Society for Financial Studies in its journal Review of Financial Studies.

Volume (Year): 11 (1998)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 143-62

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Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:11:y:1998:i:1:p:143-62

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Cited by:
  1. Taoufik Bouraoui, 2011. "The impact of stock spams on volatility," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(13), pages 969-977.
  2. Kalotychou, Elena & Staikouras, Sotiris K. & Zagonov, Maxim, 2009. "The UK equity market around the ex-split date," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 534-549, July.
  3. Ravi Dhar & William Goetzmann & Ning Zhu & EFA Moscow, 2004. "The Impact of Clientele Changes: Evidence from Stock Splits," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm369, Yale School of Management, revised 01 Sep 2009.
  4. Sakawa, Hideaki & Ubukata, Masato & Watanabel, Naoki, 2014. "Market liquidity and bank-dominated corporate governance: Evidence from Japan," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 1-11.
  5. David Michayluk & Paul Kofman, 2001. "Market Structure and Stock Splits," Research Paper Series 62, Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.
  6. Anshuman, V. Ravi & Kalay, Avner, 2002. "Can splits create market liquidity? Theory and evidence," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 83-125, January.
  7. Peress, Joel, 2010. "The tradeoff between risk sharing and information production in financial markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 145(1), pages 124-155, January.
  8. Kamara, Avraham & Koski, Jennifer Lynch, 2001. "Volatility, autocorrelations, and trading activity after stock splits," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 163-184, April.
  9. Hamish D. Anderson & Lawrence C. Rose & Steven F. Cahan, 2004. "Odd-lot Costs and Taxation Influences on Stock Dividend Ex-dates," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(9-10), pages 1419-1448.
  10. LOVO, Stefano & DECAMPS, Jean-Paul, 2003. "Market informational inefficiency, risk aversion and quantity grid," Les Cahiers de Recherche 770, HEC Paris.
  11. Ahn, Hee-Joon & Cai, Jun & Hamao, Yasushi & Ho, Richard Y.K., 2005. "Adverse selection, brokerage coverage, and trading activity on the Tokyo Stock Exchange," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 1483-1508, June.
  12. Lipson, Marc L. & Mortal, Sandra, 2006. "The effect of stock splits on clientele: Is tick size relevant?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 878-896, December.
  13. Gray, Stephen F. & Smith, Tom & Whaley, Robert E., 2003. "Stock splits: implications for investor trading costs," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 271-303, May.
  14. Jiang, Christine X. & Kim, Jang-Chul & Wood, Robert A., 2002. "The change in trading activity on volatility and adverse selection component: evidence from ADR splits," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 12(4-5), pages 323-345.
  15. Wulff, Christian, 1999. "The market reaction to stock splits: Evidence from Germany," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1999,42, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  16. Dewenter, Kathryn L. & Higgins, Robert C. & Simin, Timothy T., 2005. "Can event study methods solve the currency exposure puzzle?," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 119-144, March.
  17. Chen, Chun-nan & Wu, Chunchi, 2009. "Small trades and volatility increases after stock splits," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 592-610, October.

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