Adult Vocational Training and Government Policy in France and Britain
AbstractProvision of continuing vocational training is subject to several market failures: capital-market imperfections (credit constraints), risk arising from variability of future values of skills, mismatch of costs and returns owing to worker mobility, and general positive externalities of human capital. In the light of these market imperfections we evaluate the contrasting French and British systems of adult training. French policy is interventionist and includes an employer training levy. British policy has abandoned levies and emphasizes individual initiatives by workers and employers. Despite contrasting policies, the character of training provision is similar in both countries, being mainly arranged and financed by employers. Differences are that the French system offers both higher public subsidy and cost-sharing between training and non-training employers. Training provision is higher in France and occurs earlier in the working life-cycle. We conclude British policy could usefully reconsider employer levies for solving training under-investment. Copyright 1999 by Oxford University Press.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Oxford Review of Economic Policy.
Volume (Year): 15 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 (Spring)
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- Steven McIntosh, 1999. "A Cross-Country Comparison of the Determinants of Vocational Training," CEP Discussion Papers dp0432, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
- Andrew Sharpe & James Gibson, 2005. "The Apprenticeship System in Canada: Trends and Issues," CSLS Research Reports 2005-04, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
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