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Sheepskin Effects by Cohort: Implications of Job Matching in a Signaling Model

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  • Belman, Dale
  • Heywood, John S

Abstract

In the presence of job matching, the returns to education signals are shown to decline in value as additional work experience allows more direct observation of productivity. This is tested by estimating sheepskin effects across five age cohorts of nonminority males in 1991. The effects are large and significant in early cohorts and virtually nonexistent in later cohorts. This pattern is partially confirmed with estimations within cohorts showing sheepskin returns declining from 1979 to 1991. The pattern within cohorts suggests that the 1991 pattern is not merely the result of vintage effects, but caution is expressed in drawing conclusions. Copyright 1997 by Royal Economic Society.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Oxford Economic Papers.

Volume (Year): 49 (1997)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
Pages: 623-37

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Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:49:y:1997:i:4:p:623-37

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Cited by:
  1. Nakabayashi, Masaki, 2011. "Schooling, employer learning, and internal labor market effect: Wage dynamics and human capital investment in the Japanese steel industry, 1930-1960s," MPRA Paper 30749, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 06 May 2011.
  2. Keith A. Bender & John S. Heywood, 2009. "Educational Mismatch among Ph.D.s: Determinants and Consequences," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Science and Engineering Careers in the United States: An Analysis of Markets and Employment, pages 229-255 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Antelius, Jesper, 2000. "Sheepskin Effects in the Returns to Education: Evidence on Swedish Data," Working Paper Series, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research 158, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Darwin Miller, 2007. "Isolating the Causal Impact of Community College Enrollment on Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes in Texas," Discussion Papers, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research 06-033, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
  5. Jhon James Mora, 2003. "Sheepskin effects and screening in Colombia," COLOMBIAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, UN - RCE - CID.
  6. Bitzan, John D., 2009. "Do sheepskin effects help explain racial earnings differences?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 759-766, December.
  7. Habermalz, Steffen, 2003. "Job Matching and the Returns to Educational Signals," IZA Discussion Papers 726, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Borghans,L. & Grip,A.,de, 1999. "Skills and low pay: upgrading or overeducation?," ROA Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA) 005, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  9. Habermalz, Steffen, 2003. "An Examination of Sheepskin Effects Over Time," IZA Discussion Papers 725, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. repec:nbr:nberwo:12693 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Norbert R. Schady, 2003. "Convexity and Sheepskin Effects in the Human Capital Earnings Function: Recent Evidence for Filipino Men," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(2), pages 171-196, 05.
  12. Piracha, Matloob & Vadean, Florin, 2012. "Migrant Educational Mismatch and the Labour Market," IZA Discussion Papers 6414, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  13. Todd R. Stinebrickner & Ralph Stinebrickner, 2000. "The Relationship Between Family Income and Schooling Attainment: Evidence from a Liberal Arts College with a Full Tuition Subsidy Program," UWO Department of Economics Working Papers, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics 20008, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics.

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