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The Determinants of Intra-industry Specialization in United States Trade

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  • Balassa, Bela
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    Abstract

    This paper sets out to explain the determinants of intraindustry specia lization in the United States by reference to industry as wellas country charac teristics. It is shown that the extent of intraindustry trade is positively cor-related with product differentiation, marketing costs, the variability of profit rates, and offshore procurement; and it is negatively correlated with economies of scale, industrial concentration, foreign direct investment, and transportati on costs. It is further shown that intraindustry specialization in U.S. trade wi th individual countriesis positively correlated with the extent of trade orient ation in these countries; and it is negatively correlated with inequalities inp er capita incomes and total GNP, and with distance between the United States and the individual countries. Copyright 1986 by Royal Economic Society.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Oxford Economic Papers.

    Volume (Year): 38 (1986)
    Issue (Month): 2 (July)
    Pages: 220-33

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    Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:38:y:1986:i:2:p:220-33

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    Cited by:
    1. Joze Damijan & Joep Konings & Saso Polanec, 2012. "Pass-on Trade: Why do Firms Simultaneously Engage in Two-Way Trade in the Same Varieties?," Vives discussion paper series 31, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfswetenschappen, Vives.
    2. Miria Pigato, 2009. "Strengthening China's and India's Trade and Investment Ties to the Middle East and North Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2626, October.
    3. José Vicente Blanes Cristóbal, 2004. "Does Immigration Help to Explain Intra-Industry Trade? Evidence for Spain," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2004/29, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
    4. Carmela Martin & Jose V. Blanes, 1999. "The Nature and Causes of Intra-Industry Trade: Back to the Comparative Advantage Explanation? The Case of Spain," European Economy Group Working Papers 1, European Economy Group.
    5. José V. Blanes & Joan A. Martín-Montaner, 2006. "Migration Flows and Intra-Industry Trade Adjustments," Working Papers 06.04, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
    6. Yener Kandogan, 2005. "Trade Creation and Diversion Effects of Europe’s Regional Liberalization Agreements," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp746, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    7. Don Clark & Denise Stanley, 2003. "Determinants Of Intraindustry Trade Between The United States And Industrial Nations," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 1-17.
    8. Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr. & Sawyer, W. Charles & Sprinkle, Richard L., 2010. "Intra-industry trade in Latin America and the Caribbean," MPRA Paper 34854, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.
    9. Kemal Turkcan, 2005. "Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade in Final Goods and Intermediate Goods between Turkey and Selected OECD Countries," Istanbul University Econometrics and Statistics e-Journal, Department of Econometrics, Faculty of Economics, Istanbul University, vol. 1(1), pages 21-40, May.
    10. Xiaoling Hu & Yue Ma, 1999. "International intra-industry trade of China," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 135(1), pages 82-101, March.
    11. J. Vicente Blanes Cristobal, 1997. "Comercio intra-industrial y presencia de capital extranjero en España," Working Papers wpdea9705, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    12. Choorikkad Veermani, 2004. "Trade liberalisation, multinational involvement, and intra-industry trade in manufacturing," Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi Working Papers 143, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi, India.

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