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Regulation of biotechnology: will we ever 'freely' trade GMOs?

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  • Ian M. Sheldon
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    Abstract

    In this paper, the issue of regulation of and trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is examined. It is shown that, despite rapid adoption of GMOs by a few exporters, many importers have developed relatively restrictive procedures for premarket approval of GMOs, and are requiring mandatory labelling. Although exporters have yet to seek a ruling on these regulations, a trade dispute over GMOs is likely to occur. An analysis of the reasons for such a dispute is presented in the paper, along with a discussion of whether such a dispute can be resolved through existing World Trade Organization procedures. Copyright 2002, Oxford University Press.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics in its journal European Review of Agricultural Economies.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 155-176

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    Handle: RePEc:oup:erevae:v:29:y:2002:i:1:p:155-176

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    Cited by:
    1. Miller, Andrew D. & Langley, Suchada V. & Chambers, William, 2003. "Current Issues Affecting Trade And Trade Policy: An Annotated Literature Review," Working Papers 14606, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    2. Gruere, Guillaume P. & Carter, Colin A. & Farzin, Y. Hossein, 2004. "Explaining International Differences In Genetically Modified Food Labeling Regulations," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20341, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    3. Venturini, Luciano, 2003. "The Food System In Transition: An E.U. Perspective," Working Papers 14362, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
    4. Gruere, Guillaume P., 2006. "A preliminary comparison of the retail level effects of genetically modified food labelling policies in Canada and France," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 148-161, April.
    5. GianCarlo Moschini & Harvey E. Lapan, 2005. "Labeling Regulations and Segregation of First- and Second-Generation Genetically Modified Products: Innovation Incentives and Welfare Effects," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 05-wp391, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    6. Carlsson, Fredrik & Frykblom, Peter & Lagerkvist, Carl Johan, 2004. "Consumer benefits of labels and bans on genetically modified food - An empirical analysis using Choice Experiments," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20370, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    7. Nielsen, Chantal Pohl & Thierfelder, Karen & Robinson, Sherman, 2003. "Consumer preferences and trade in genetically modified foods," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 25(8), pages 777-794, November.
    8. Sheldon, Ian M., 2008. "The Biotechnology Sector: "Bounds" to Market Structure," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6078, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    9. Moschini, GianCarlo & Bulut, Harun & Cembalo, Luigi, 2005. "On the Segregation of Genetically Modified, Conventional, and Organic Products in European Agriculture: A Multi-Market Equilibrium Analysis," Staff General Research Papers 12450, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    10. Carter, Colin A. & Gruere, Guillaume P., 2003. "International Approaches to the Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 18(2).
    11. Fernando, Estrada, 2013. "Ronald Coase 1910-2013, In memoriam," MPRA Paper 49558, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Fredrik Carlsson & Peter Frykblom & Carl-Johan Lagerkvist, 2004. "Consumer Benefits of Labels and Bans on GMO Foods: An Emprical Analysis Using Choice Experiments," Working Papers 04-02, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
    13. Diez, Maria Del Carmen Fernandez, 2005. "Welfare Measures and Mandatory Regulation for Transgenic Food in the European Union: A Theoretical Framework for the Analysis," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24472, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    14. Matthias Gruber, 2004. "Inside or outside? The role of the WTO in the settlement of the transatlantic trade dispute on GMOs," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 36-45, January.
    15. Moon, Wanki & Rimal, Arbindra & Balasubramanian, Siva K., 2004. "Willingness-to-Accept and Willingness-to-Pay for GM and Non-GM Food: UK Consumers," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20138, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    16. Crespi, John M. & Marette, Stephan, 2003. "Some Economic Implications Of Public Labeling," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 34(03), November.

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