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Offsetting Behavior Effects of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards

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  • John M. Yun

    ()
    (Federal Trade Commission, 601 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, 5th Floor, Washington, DC 20580.)

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    Abstract

    Research has concluded that regulatory attempts to improve fuel economy, such as the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards, lower the average weight of an automobile. Ceteris paribus , this reduction in weight is detrimental to the overall level of vehicle safety. However, this study attempts to explicitly measure possible behavioral responses on the part of drivers that could offset some of the loss in safety. The results indicate that CAFE, although increasing the vulnerability rate by approximately 20%, has reduced the accident rate by 26%. The net effect on the fatality rate is a decrease of approximately 6%. Copyright 2002, Oxford University Press.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Western Economic Association International in its journal Economic Inquiry.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 2 (April)
    Pages: 260-270

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    Handle: RePEc:oup:ecinqu:v:40:y:2002:i:2:p:260-270

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    Cited by:
    1. Turrentine, Thomas S. & Kurani, Kenneth S., 2007. "Car buyers and fuel economy?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 1213-1223, February.
    2. Maheshri, Vikram & Mannering, Fred & Winston, Clifford, 2006. "An Exploration of the Offset Hypothesis Using Disaggregate Data:The Case of Airbags and Antilock Brakes," Working paper 155, Regulation2point0.
    3. Shiau, Ching-Shin Norman & Michalek, Jeremy J. & Hendrickson, Chris T., 2009. "A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(9-10), pages 814-828, November.
    4. Turrentine, Tom & Kurani, Kenneth S, 2007. "Car buyers and fuel economy?," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt56x845v4, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    5. Brozovic, Nicholas & Ando, Amy Whritenour, 2009. "Defensive purchasing, the safety (dis)advantage of light trucks, and motor-vehicle policy effectiveness," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 477-493, June.

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