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A Hierarchical Theory of Occupational Segregation and Wage Discrimination

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  • Baldwin, Marjorie L
  • Butler, Richard J
  • Johnson, William G

Abstract

Becker's model of discrimination is extended to the case where men exhibit distastes for working under female managers. The distribution of women in the resulting occupational hierarchy depends on the number of women in lower occupations, the wages of male workers in lower occupations, and male distastes for female management. Thus, there exists an occupational sorting function, related to wages, which determines the occupational distribution of women. We integrate this sorting function into a standard wage equation to derive a new decomposition of male-female wage differentials and apply it to a sample of insurance industry workers from the 1988 CPS. Copyright 2001 by Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Western Economic Association International in its journal Economic Inquiry.

Volume (Year): 39 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 94-110

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Handle: RePEc:oup:ecinqu:v:39:y:2001:i:1:p:94-110

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Cited by:
  1. Dina Shatnawi & Ronald Oaxaca & Michael Ransom, 2011. "Applying Fixed Effects to Hierarchical Segregation Models," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(3), pages 588-92, May.
  2. Nicole M. Fortin & Michael Huberman, 2002. "Occupational Gender Segregation and Women's Wages in Canada: An Historical Perspective," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 28(s1), pages 11-39, May.
  3. Gabrielle Wanzenried, 2008. "How feminine is corporate America? A recent overview," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 185-209, June.
  4. Cardoso, Ana Rute & Guimaraes, Paulo & Portugal, Pedro, 2012. "Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Sex Discrimination," IZA Discussion Papers 7109, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Danilo Coelho & Marcelo Fernandes & Miguel Nathan Foguel, 2007. "Foreign Capital And Gender Differences In Promotions: Evidence From The Brazilian Transformation Industry," Anais do XXXV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 35th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 167, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  6. Michael Ransom & Ronald L. Oaxaca, 2005. "Intrafirm mobility and sex differences in pay," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 58(2), pages 219-237, January.
  7. Shatnawi, Dina & Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Ransom, Michael R., 2012. "Movin' on Up: Hierarchical Occupational Segmentation and Gender Wage Gaps," IZA Discussion Papers 7001, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Zafar Mueen Nasir, 2005. "An Analysis of Occupational Choice in Pakistan: A Multinomial Approach," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 44(1), pages 57-79.
  9. Danilo Coelho & Marcelo Fernandes e Miguel N. Foguel, 2009. "Capital Estrangeiro e Diferenciais de Gênero nas Promoções: Evidências da Indústria de Transformação Brasileira," Discussion Papers 1447, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.

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