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Racial Enclaves and Density Zoning: The Institutionalized Segregation of Racial Minorities in the United States

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  • Jonathan T. Rothwell
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    Abstract

    Previous research on segregation stresses things like urban form and racial preferences as primary causes. The author finds that an institutional force is more important: local land regulation. Using two datasets of land regulations for the largest U.S. metropolitan areas, the results indicate that anti-density regulations are responsible for large portions of the levels and changes in segregation from 1990 to 2000. A hypothetical switch in zoning regimes from the most exclusionary to the most liberal would reduce the equilibrium gap between the most and least segregated Metropolitan Statistical Areas by at least 35% for the ordinary least squares estimates. Copyright 2011, Oxford University Press.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/aler/ahq015
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal American Law and Economics Review.

    Volume (Year): 13 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 290-358

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    Handle: RePEc:oup:amlawe:v:13:y:2011:i:1:p:290-358

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    Cited by:
    1. Dustin T. Duncan & Jared Aldstadt & John Whalen & Kellee White & Marcia C. Castro & David R. Williams, 2012. "Space, race, and poverty: Spatial inequalities in walkable neighborhood amenities?," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 26(17), pages 409-448, May.
    2. Allison Shertzer & Tate Twinam & Randall P. Walsh, 2014. "Race, Ethnicity, and Discriminatory Zoning," NBER Working Papers 20108, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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