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Individual And Contextual Determinants Of Entrepreneurship: An International Comparative Analysis

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  • Hatos Roxana

    ()
    (Universitatea din Oradea, Facultatea de Stiinte Economice)

  • Hatos Adrian

    ()
    (Universitatea din Oradea, Facultatea de Stiinte Socio-Umane)

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    Abstract

    Models of entrepreneurial behavior focus usually on individual level factors yet a great deal of beginning and running a business depends on the economic, social and institutional environment. Our analysis uses data from the 2008 European Social Survey to assess the weight of country-level characteristics in explaining individual entrepreneurship measured as self-employment of business ownership. The article starts with a literature review which puts the bases of our hypotheses. The results describe cross country comparisons of entrepreneurship rates, individual and country-level regressions of entrepreneurship. As expected, there are large differences between countries with respect to rates of entrepreneurship. A great part of this variance can be accounted for by the division between the former socialist countries and the rest and by levels of urbanization.

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    File URL: http://anale.steconomiceuoradea.ro/volume/2010/n2/013.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics in its journal The Journal of the Faculty of Economics - Economic.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 2 (December)
    Pages: 107-110

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    Handle: RePEc:ora:journl:v:1:y:2010:i:2:p:107-110

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    Postal: Universitatii str. 1, Office F209, 410087 Oradea, Bihor
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    Related research

    Keywords: entrepreneurial behavior; contextual factors; comparative analysis;

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    1. André van Stel & Roy Thurik & Sander Wennekers & Niels Noorderhaven, 2004. "The role of dissatisfaction and per capita income in explaining self-employment across 15 European countries," Scales Research Reports N200407, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    2. Wildeman, R.E & Hofstede, G. & Noorderhaven, N.G. & Thurik, A.R. & Verhorven, W.H.J. & Wennekers, A.R.M., 1998. "Self-Employment in 23 OECD Countries," Papers 9811/e, NEUHUYS - RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM.
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