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Credit Union Growth in Mid-sized Markets

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  • Robert Tokle
  • Joanne Tokle
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    Abstract

    Most previous studies of credit union growth used data from the 1990s. This study uses 2002-2004 data from mid-sized cities, in order to be more representative of distinct local markets. In addition, two new independent variables, used vehicle loans rates and loan-to-total asset ratios, were included. Some studies have found that small credit unions grow faster than large ones, while others find the opposite is true. Bank growth studies report mixed results as well. Our model includes variables used in other growth studies, such as credit union size, previous growth, ratio of loans charged off, operating expense ratio, capital-asset ratio, and the ratio of fee income to total assets. In addition, the two new independent variables listed above add to our knowledge of factors that influence credit union growth.When comparing average growth rates of different size credit unions, large credit unions grew faster than small credit unions. However, the regression results show that once we hold other factors constant, small credit unions grew faster. In other words, differences in growth rates may be explained by characteristics other than size alone.Of the two variables not previously tested in other studies, the loan-to-asset ratio, as expected, had a positive effect on growth. This suggests that credit unions with tighter liquidity are more aggressive in attracting deposits, which leads to higher growth rates. However, higher used vehicle loan rates were associated with higher growth -- an unexpected finding.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by New York State Economics Association (NYSEA) in its journal New York Economic Review.

    Volume (Year): 41 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 45-56

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    Handle: RePEc:nye:nyervw:v:41:y:2010:i:1:p:45-56

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    1. Jeff Heinrich & Russ Kashian, 2008. "Credit Union To Mutual Conversion: Do Interest Rates Diverge?," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 26(1), pages 107-117, 01.
    2. J. Colin Glass & Donal McKillop, 2006. "The impact of differing operating environments on US Credit Union Performance, 1993-2001," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(17), pages 1285-1300.
    3. John Goddard & Donal McKillop & John Wilson, 2008. "What drives the performance of cooperative financial institutions? Evidence for US credit unions," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(11), pages 879-893.
    4. Neil Esho & Paul Kofman & Ian Sharpe, 2005. "Diversification, Fee Income, and Credit Union Risk," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer, vol. 27(3), pages 259-281, September.
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