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Financial Architecture in East Asia

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  • Shin-ichi Fukuda

    (Professor, University of Tokyo)

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    Abstract

    In this paper, we explore what is an appropriate design of new financial systems in East Asia. Viewing East Asian financial systems in terms of legal systems and accounting systems, the protection of shareholders and creditors, though weaker than in the UK or America, tends to be higher than the global average. As for the level of concentration in stock ownership structure, however, unique East Asian characteristics can be observed in a number of countries. Corporate control by specific families may strengthen relationships with government-related bodies and personnel through lobbying activities based on their economic power. Moreover, an excessive concentration of ownership substantially weakens the influence of minority shareholders protected by the law, and dilutes external discipline. If one takes the stance of prioritizing procurement mechanisms in market-based financial markets, one will naturally assert that the concentration of ownership in East Asian companies provides a major foothold to attaining sustainable economic growth. However, the concentration of corporate controlling rights in the shareholding ratios of specific individual shareholders or parent companies has both good and bad aspects. It produces obstacles in that businesses are run autocratically in line with the wishes of their specific owners, while conversely various agency costs accompanying procurement among interested parties tend to be low. It may be useful, to a degree, for governments to gently intervene in financial markets, thereby retaining these positive traditional aspects of East Asian financial systems while complementing the more fragile aspects of those systems.

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    File URL: http://www.mof.go.jp/english/pri/publication/pp_review/ppr005/ppr005b.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan in its journal Public Policy Review.

    Volume (Year): 5 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 (October)
    Pages: 25-44

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    Handle: RePEc:mof:journl:ppr005b

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    1. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer, 1998. "Corporate Ownership Around the World," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1840, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
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    Cited by:
    1. Yamamoto, Shugo, 2014. "Transmission of US financial and trade shocks to Asian economies: Implications for spillover of the 2007–2009 US financial crisis," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 88-103.

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