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Uncovering the Hit List for Small Inflation Targeters: A Bayesian Structural Analysis

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  • TIMOTHY KAM
  • KIRDAN LEES
  • PHILIP LIU

Abstract

We estimate underlying structural macroeconomic policy objectives of three of the earliest explicit inflation targeters within the context of a small open economy dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model. We assume central banks set policy optimally, such that we can reverse engineer policy objectives from observed time series data. Joint tests of the posterior distributions of these policy preference parameters suggest that the central banks are very similar in their overall objective. None of the central banks show a concern for stabilizing the real exchange rate. All three central banks share a concern for minimizing the volatility in the change in the nominal interest rate. We also show that the resulting optimal policy rule responds to exchange rate movements, even in the case where the central banks do not explicitly care about exchange rate stabilization. This result is also corroborated by results from an alternative simple-rule characterization and estimation of central bank behavior. These last two findings point to the pitfalls of making inferences, from the level of "ad hoc" simple rules, about what central banks may care about. Copyright (c) 2009 The Ohio State University.

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Article provided by Blackwell Publishing in its journal Journal of Money, Credit and Banking.

Volume (Year): 41 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 (06)
Pages: 583-618

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Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:41:y:2009:i:4:p:583-618

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  1. Philip Lowe & Luci Ellis, 1997. "The Smoothing of Official Interest Rates," RBA Annual Conference Volume, in: Philip Lowe (ed.), Monetary Policy and Inflation Targeting Reserve Bank of Australia.
  2. Andrew T. Levin & John C. Williams, 2003. "Robust monetary policy with competing reference models," Working Paper Series 2003-10, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
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  7. Kristoffer Nimark, 2006. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Real-time Signal Extraction from the Bond Market," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2006-05, Reserve Bank of Australia.
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  9. Frederic S. Mishkin & Adam S. Posen, 1998. "Inflation Targeting: Lessons from Four Countries," NBER Working Papers 6126, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Richard Dennis, 2001. "The policy preferences of the U.S. Federal Reserve," Working Paper Series 2001-08, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
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Cited by:
  1. Kristoffer Nimark, 2009. "A structural model of Australia as a small open economy," Economics Working Papers 1211, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  2. Julien Albertini & Güneş Kamber & Michael Kirker, 2012. "Estimated Small Open Economy Model With Frictional Unemployment," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(2), pages 326-353, 05.
  3. Andreza Aparecida Palma & Marcelo Savino Portugal, 2014. "Preferences Of The Central Bank Of Brazil Under The Inflation Targeting Regime: Estimation Using A Dsge Model For A Small Open Economy," Anais do XLI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 41th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 055, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  4. Juan Paez-Farrell, 2012. "Taylor rules, fear of floating and the role of the exchange rate in monetary policy: a case of observational equivalence," Discussion Paper Series 2012_07, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Jun 2012.
  5. Selim Elekdag & Harun Alp, 2011. "The Role of Monetary Policy in Turkey During the Global Financial Crisis," IMF Working Papers 11/150, International Monetary Fund.
  6. Lees, Kirdan & Warburton, Sam, 2010. "A happy "half way-house"? Medium term inflation targeting in New Zealand," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 819-839, September.
  7. Ross Kendall & Tim Ng, 2013. "Estimated Taylor Rules updated for the post-crisis period," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Analytical Notes series AN2013/04, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.
  8. Arief Ramayandi, 2008. "Simple Model for a Small Open Economy: An Application to the ASEAN-5 Countries," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 200801, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised May 2008.

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