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Financial System Size in Transition Economies: The Effect of Legal Origin

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  • JOEL T. HARPER
  • JAMES E. MCNULTY
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    Abstract

    Gorton and Winton (1998) link the size of the banking system in transition economies to financial stability. We provide empirical evidence consistent with their notion that the size of the financial system will be smaller in these countries. This effect holds even after controlling for the effect of rule of law and/or legal origin, and other relevant variables. Transition economy status, thus adds additional explanatory power to traditional law and finance explanations of financial development. Classification of transition economies by legal origin reveals that Russian legal origin has a strong negative effect on financial development. Regression analysis shows claims on the private sector/gross domestic product (GDP) to be 46 to 60 percentage points lower in the countries of the former Soviet Union, and 23 to 39 percentage points lower in non-Soviet transition economies compared to countries of English legal origin. There is a positive relation between claims on the private sector and the rule of law for a broad cross section of countries. Copyright (c) 2008 The Ohio State University.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Blackwell Publishing in its journal Journal of Money, Credit and Banking.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 6 (09)
    Pages: 1263-1280

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    Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:40:y:2008:i:6:p:1263-1280

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    Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2879

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    Cited by:
    1. Cooray, Arusha, 2011. "The role of the government in financial sector development," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 928-938, May.
    2. Buchanan, Bonnie G. & English II, Philip C. & Gordon, Rachel, 2011. "Emerging market benefits, investability and the rule of law," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 47-60, March.
    3. Hryckiewicz, Aneta & Kowalewski, Oskar, 2010. "Economic determinates, financial crisis and entry modes of foreign banks into emerging markets," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 205-228, September.
    4. Arusha Cooray, 2010. "Does the Size and Quality of the Government Explain the Size and Efficiency of the Financial Sector?," CAMA Working Papers 2010-32, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    5. Aggarwal, Raj & Goodell, John W., 2014. "Cross-national differences in access to finance: Influence of culture and institutional environments," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 193-211.

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