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Endogenous Deposit Dollarization

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  • Broda, Christian
  • Yeyati, Eduardo Levy

Abstract

This paper explores sources of deposit dollarization unrelated to standard moral hazard arguments. We argue that the equal treatment of peso and dollar claims on a bank in the event of default can induce banks to attract dollar deposits above the socially desirable level. The distortion arises because dollar depositors are the only source of default risk in the model, but they share the burden of the default with peso depositors as interest rates cannot be set contingent to the (unobserved) level of deposit dollarization. The incentive to dollarize is reinforced by common banking system safety nets such as deposit and bank insurance. Our findings suggest that regulators in bi-currency economies should depart from the currency-blind benchmark and instead distinguish across currencies in a way that prevents undesirable currency mismatches, even in the absence of moral hazard related to the relaxation of market discipline.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/mcb.2006.0050
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Blackwell Publishing in its journal Journal of Money, Credit and Banking.

Volume (Year): 38 (2006)
Issue (Month): 4 (June)
Pages: 963-988

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Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:38:y:2006:i:4:p:963-988

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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2879

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References

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  1. Martin Uribe, 1995. "Hysteresis in a simple model of currency substitution," International Finance Discussion Papers 509, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  2. Enrica Detragiache & Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, 1999. "Monitoring Banking Sector Fragility - A Multivariate Logit Approach," IMF Working Papers 99/147, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Dooley, Michael P, 2000. "A Model of Crises in Emerging Markets," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(460), pages 256-72, January.
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  5. Craig Burnside & Martin Eichenbaum & Sergio Rebelo, 1999. "Hedging and Financial Fragility in Fixed Exchange Rate Regimes," NBER Working Papers 7143, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Maurice Obstfeld, 2000. "The Global Capital Market: Benefactor or Menace?," International Finance 0004001, EconWPA.
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  8. Schmukler, Sergio L. & Serven, Luis, 2002. "Pricing currency risk : facts and puzzles from currency boards," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2815, The World Bank.
  9. Burnside, C. & Eichenbaum, M. & Rebelo, S., 1998. "Prospective Deficits and the Asian Currency Crisis," RCER Working Papers 458, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  10. Kareken, John H & Wallace, Neil, 1978. "Deposit Insurance and Bank Regulation: A Partial-Equilibrium Exposition," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 51(3), pages 413-38, July.
  11. Girton, Lance & Roper, Don E, 1981. "Theory and Implications of Currency Substitution," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 13(1), pages 12-30, February.
  12. Pablo Guidotti & Carlos A. Rodríguez, 1992. "Dollarization in Latin America: Gresham's Law in Reverse?," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 81, Universidad del CEMA.
  13. Thomas, Lee R, 1985. "Portfolio Theory and Currency Substitution," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 17(3), pages 347-57, August.
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  1. User:Thuydnguyen87/sandbox in Wikipedia (English)
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  3. Currency substitution in Wikipedia (English)

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