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Una alternativa de reparto para la provisión de los servicios municipales mínimos y comunes: la participación incondicional municipal en los ingresos del gobierno superior

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  • José Salvador Miñana Simó

    (Universidad de Valencia)

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    Abstract

    El trabajo presenta un modelo alternativo de reparto entre los municipios de un fondo público (financiado por la Generalitat Valenciana cumpliendo con el artículo 142 de la Constitución Española), de tal manera que las necesidades de todos ellos queden cubiertas por igual en términos relativos. Se defiende que el sistema de reparto, comparado con los propuestos por otros autores o con los aplicados hasta la fecha, es teórica y empíricamente superior por cuanto consigue la cobertura homogénea de las necesidades mínimas municipales que tienen el carácter de bienes públicos preferentes. En este sentido: a) el modelo de reparto propuesto mejora sustancialmente la nivelación intermunicipal disminuyendo las desigualdades fiscales entre los municipios valencianos y, en un 90% de los casos, transfiere en mayor medida a los más necesitados y con menor riqueza (aquellos que no alcanzan, de forma relativa, a cubrir su necesidad con su capacidad) y relativamente menos a los que poseen más capacidad con la que hacer frente a su necesidad, y b) el Fondo Incondicional Valenciano Muncipal, sin tener en cuenta en ningún momento la capacidad municipal, transfiere relativamente más fondos a los municipios que tienen más dificultades para hacer frente a sus necesidades utilizando sus capacidades. The article presents an alternative distribution model among municipalities of a public fund (financed by the Valencian Gobernment in fulfilment of Spanish Constitution´s article 142), since everyone´s necessities are equally covered in relative terms. We argue that this distribution system, compared to either of those used up to now, is theoretically and empirically better since it achieves the homogeneous covering of minimum local necessities characterized as preferential public facilities. In this sense: a) the proposed distribution model substantially improves the interlocal balance reducing the fiscal inequalities among Valencian municipalities and, in 90% of the cases, it grants more to the more needer and poorer (those which do not achieve, relatively, to cover their necessity with their capacity), and relatively less to those which have more capacity to face up to their necessities, b) the Unconditional Muncipal Valencian Fund (FIVAM), without taking into account at any time the local capacity, relatively grants more funds to those municipalities which have most difficulties in facing up to their necessities by using their capacities.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 5 (1996)
    Issue (Month): (Junio)
    Pages: 121-138

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:5_2_5

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    Related research

    Keywords: Fiscal Capacities; Fiscal Nesessities; Grants; Revenue Sharing; Equalization;

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