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Offshoring of Services in Spain: International Fragmentation of Activities or Change in Procurement Sources?/Offshoring de Servicios en España: ¿Fragmentación internacional de actividades o cambio en las fuentes de aprovisionamiento?

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  • FUSTER GARCÍA, BEGOÑA

    ()
    (Universidad de Alicante, Facultad CC.EE., Campus San Vicente del Raspeig, 03080 Alicante, España.)

  • MARTÍNEZ MORA, CARMEN

    ()
    (Universidad de Alicante, Facultad CC.EE., Campus San Vicente del Raspeig, 03080 Alicante, España.)

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    Abstract

    This paper studies the offshoring of services and whether this phenomenon is linked to the international fragmentation of activities or to a shift in outsourcing to foreign rather than domestic suppliers. Analysis is performed using the National Accounting input-output tables of Spain’s National Institute for Statistics for the 2000-2007 period. The major findings reveal growth in the offshoring of intermediate services to foreign countries by service providers and manufacturing companies, with greater prevalence among the former. In manufacturing sectors, the analysis indicates that domestic suppliers are being replaced by their foreign counterparts. However, in service sectors these processes correspond mainly to the international fragmentation of activities. Este trabajo estudia el offshoring de servicios, diferenciando si está asociado a procesos de fragmentación internacional de las actividades o a un cambio de proveedores nacionales por extranjeros. El análisis se realiza a partir de las tablas input output de la Contabilidad Nacional de España del INE para el periodo 2000-2007.Los principales resultados revelan una creciente deslocalización de servicios intermedios a países extranjeros, tanto por parte de empresas de servicios como de manufacturas, siendo el crecimiento más acentuado en las primeras. En los sectores manufactureros, el análisis revela un proceso de sustitución de proveedores nacionales por extranjeros, mientras que en las ramas de servicios puede afirmarse que se trata fundamentalmente de procesos de fragmentación internacional de actividades.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 31 (2013)
    Issue (Month): (Septiembre)
    Pages: 655-676

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:31_2_15

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    Postal: Beatriz Rodríguez Prado. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Avda. Valle del Esgueva. Valladolid 47011 SPAIN
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    Related research

    Keywords: Offshoring de servicios; input-output; sectores manufactureros; sectores de servicios; España ; Offshoring of Services; Input-Output; Manufacturing Sectors; Service Sectors; Spain.;

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    References

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    1. Bernhard Michel & François Rycx, 2009. "Does Offshoring of Materials and Business Services Affect Employment? Evidence from a Small Open Economy," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 09-018.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    2. Hartmut Egger & Peter Egger, 2006. "International Outsourcing and the Productivity of Low-Skilled Labor in the EU," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 44(1), pages 98-108, January.
    3. Görg, Holger & Hanley, Aoife & Strobl, Eric, 2007. "Productivity Effects of International Outsourcing: Evidence from Plant Level Data," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 6361, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Cadarso, Maria Angeles & Gomez, Nuria & Lopez, Luis Antonio & Tobarra, Maria Angeles, 2008. "The EU enlargement and the impact of outsourcing on industrial employment in Spain, 1993-2003," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 95-108, March.
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    9. Farok J. Contractor & Vikas Kumar & Sumit K. Kundu & Torben Pedersen, 2010. "Reconceptualizing the Firm in a World of Outsourcing and Offshoring: The Organizational and Geographical Relocation of High-Value Company Functions," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(s2), pages 1417-1433, December.
    10. Koen De Backer & Norihiko Yamano, 2007. "The Measurement of Globalisation using International Input-Output Tables," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2007/8, OECD Publishing.
    11. Catherine L. Mann, 2003. "Globalization of IT Services and White Collar Jobs: The Next Wave of Productivity Growth," Policy Briefs PB03-11, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    12. Robert C. Feenstra & Gordon H. Hanson, 1999. "The Impact Of Outsourcing And High-Technology Capital On Wages: Estimates For The United States, 1979-1990," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(3), pages 907-940, August.
    13. Deborah Winkler, 2010. "Services Offshoring and its Impact on Productivity and Employment: Evidence from Germany, 1995–2006," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(12), pages 1672-1701, December.
    14. Jose Campa & Linda S. Goldberg, 1997. "The Evolving External Orientation of Manufacturing Industries: Evidence from Four Countries," NBER Working Papers 5919, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    16. Geishecker, Ingo & Gorg, Holger, 2005. "Do unskilled workers always lose from fragmentation?," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 81-92, March.
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