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Análisis económico y medioambiental del sector eléctrico en España/Economic and Environmental Analysis of the Electricity Sector in Spain

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  • CÁMARA SÁNCHEZ , ÁNGELES

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Financiera y Contabilidad II, UNIVERSIDAD REY JUAN CARLOS, ESPAÑA.)

  • FLORES GARCÍA, MÓNICA

    ()
    (Departamento Dirección y Organización de Empresas, UNIVERSIDAD DE ZARAGOZA, ESPAÑA.)

  • FUENTES SAGUAR, PATRICIA D.

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía, UNIVERSIDAD PABLO DE OLAVIDE, ESPAÑA.)

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    Abstract

    El objetivo de este artículo es analizar y cuantificar los efectos económicos y el impacto medioambiental en emisiones atmosféricas de las distintas ramas que componen el sector eléctrico en España. Para ello, no sólo se consideran los efectos directos sino también los efectos indirectos que genera cada rama del sector eléctrico en la producción de su demanda final. Como base del análisis se utiliza una Tabla Input-Output actualizada para España para el año 2008, en la que se presentan las ramas del sector eléctrico desagregadas (Eléctrica no renovable, Eólica, Solar, Hidráulica y Biomasa) y las Cuentas de Emisiones Atmosféricas del año 2008 correspondientes a los sectores de la tabla Input Output. A partir de esta tabla, junto con las cuentas de emisiones atmosféricas y del modelo lineal subyacente en ella, se obtienen indicadores de tipo económico y medioambiental para cada una de las ramas que componen el sector eléctrico español. The aim of this paper is to analyze and quantify the economic effects and environmental impact on atmosphere emissions produced by each branch of the electricity sector in Spain. To do this, it is considered not only the direct effects but also indirect effects generated by each branch of electricity sector in the production of its demand. The framework of analysis is an Input-output Table that presents the branches of unbundled electricity sector (Non-renewable electric, Wind, Solar, Hydro and Biomass), and atmospheric emission accounts. All they built for Spain in 2008. From this Input-output Table, together with atmospheric emission accounts, and its underlying linear model, economic and environmental indicators are obtained for each one of the branches that make up the Spanish electricity sector.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2011)
    Issue (Month): (Agosto)
    Pages: 493-514

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_2_5

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    Related research

    Keywords: Análisis Input-Output; sector eléctrico; emisiones atmosféricas; Matriz de Multiplicadores. ; Input-Output Analysis; Electricity Sector; Atmosphere Emissions; Multipliers Matrix..;

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    References

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    1. Jordi Roca Jusmet & Vicent Alcántara Escolano & Emilio Padilla Rosa, 2007. "Actividad económica, consumo final de energía y requerimientos de energía primaria en Cataluña, 1990-2005. Análisis mediante el uso de los balances energéticos desde una perspectiva input-output," Working Papers wpdea0709, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    2. Alcantara, Vicent & Roca, Jordi, 1995. "Energy and CO2 emissions in Spain : Methodology of analysis and some results for 1980-1990," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 221-230, July.
    3. Cardenete, Manuel Alejandro & Fuentes Saguar, Patricia D. & Polo, Clemente, 2008. "Análisis de intensidades energéticas y emisiones de CO2 a partir de la matriz de contabilidad social de Andalucía del año 2000," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 8(2).
    4. Manuel Alejandro Cardenete Flores & Patricia D. Fuentes Saguar & Clemente Polo, 2010. "Sectores clave de la economía andaluza a partir de la matriz de contabilidad social regional para el año 2000," Revista de Estudios Regionales, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, vol. 2, pages 15-44.
    5. Erik Dietzenbacher, 2005. "More on multipliers," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(2), pages 421-426.
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