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Una reflexión sobre el sistema eléctrico español/A Reflection on the Spanish Power System

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  • FOLGADO, JOSÉ

    ()
    (Ex Secretario de Estado de la Energía. ESPAÑA.)

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    Abstract

    En este ensayo, se concluye la necesidad y urgencia de llevar a cabo un paquete de medidas, preferiblemente de forma consensuada en un pacto de estado, para paliar o eliminar los graves problemas del sector y cumplir, a nivel satisfactorio, con los tres principios aceptados de seguridad de suministro, competitividad económica y sostenibilidad ambiental. Se concluye que son necesarias todas las fuentes de suministros actuales, pero esa diversificación debe dar un papel estratégico creciente a las energías renovables y a la nuclear, las cuales se demuestran especialmente propicias también para potenciar el bombeo. Además, el enorme reto de ganar en eficiencia energética convierte en prioritarias las medidas eficaces para incrementar sustancialmente el transporte de mercancías por ferrocarril, lo que debe verse propiciado con la extensión de las nuevas vías para pasajeros (AVE) y también incentivar el transporte colectivo urbano e interurbano con nuevas redes de aparcamientos disuasorios. Por último, resulta vital acelerar el escenario de un parque rápidamente creciente de vehículos híbridos y eléctricos, lo que, a su vez, exige una mejora sustancial de las redes de distribución eléctrica y continuar con las inversiones programadas de ampliación y mejora de la red de alta tensión y las conexiones internacionales. Pueden jugar un papel decisivo las empresas de servicios energéticos en orden a ganar en eficiencia energética en los edificios y alumbrado público. El mencionado pacto de estado sobre la energía haría mucho más eficaces las normas y las instituciones responsables de la futura política eléctrica. In this study, we conclude the necessity and urgency of carrying out a package of measures, preferably by consensus in a state agreement, to alleviate or eliminate the serious problems of the sector and implement a satisfactory level, with the three accepted principles of supply security, economic competitiveness and environmental sustainability. We conclude that all sources of current supplies are necessary, but that diversification should give a growing strategic role to renewable and nuclear energy, which seem to be particularly conducive to enhance the pumping well. In addition, the enormous challenge of increasing the energy efficiency makes the effective measures to substantially increase rail freight a priority, which should be fostered with the expansion of new routes for passengers (AVE) and also encourage urban public transport and long distance networks with new parking facilities. Finally, it is vital to accelerate the setting of a rapidly growing park hybrid and electric vehicles which, at the same time, requires a substantial improvement in electrical distribution networks as well as to continue with planned investments to expand and improve high voltage network and international connections. Energy efficiency companies can play a critical role in order to gain energy efficiency in buildings and streetlights. The mentioned state agreement on energy status would make rules and institutions responsible for future electricity policy more effective.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2011)
    Issue (Month): (Agosto)
    Pages: 433-488

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_2_2

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    Keywords: Sistema Eléctrico; Fuentes de Energía. ; Electrical System Energy Sources..;

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