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Los distritos rurales: un nuevo concepto de desarrollo territorial. Modelos Centro-Periferia en Castilla-La Mancha/Rural Districts: a New Concept of Territorial Development. Centre-Outskirts Models in Castilla-La Mancha

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  • CASTILLO VALERO, JUAN SEBASTIÁN

    ()
    (Instituto de Desarrollo Regional. UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA-LA MANCHA, ESPAÑA.)

  • GARCÍA CORTIJO, Mª CARMEN

    ()
    (Instituto de Desarrollo Regional. UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA-LA MANCHA, ESPAÑA.)

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    Abstract

    El movimiento demográfico y la desconcentración en las áreas urbanas y sus áreas periféricas, conforman, en los últimos treinta años, un proceso distinto de distribución espacial y la definición de un nuevo modelo de asentamiento de la población. Tradicionalmente, eran desplazamientos rural-urbano y la principal razón era la económica. Sin embargo, el proceso más reciente es más complejo y más triangular: movimientos rural-rural y corredores urbanos, el movimiento de la población se realiza de los núcleos más pequeños (periferia) a la cabecera comarcal (centro), la dimensión económica no logra explicar la mayor parte de los desplazamientos, sino que aparecen los núcleos rurales más grandes como concentradores de la población absorbida de los núcleos periféricos, conformando un distrito social frente al tradicional distrito industrial de tradición marshalliana, y que nosotros denominamos como Distrito Rural que se convierte, así, en un nuevo concepto para el desarrollo territorial. The population movement and the decentralization of urban areas and their outskirts are shaping, in the last thirty years, a different process of spatial distribution and the definition of a new population establishment model. Traditionally, displacements were rural-urban and the major reason was the economic one. Nevertheless, recently this process is more complex and triangular: rural-rural displacements and intern urban migrations in which the population moves from small cores (outskirts) to the capital (urban centre). The economic angle is not able anymore to explain most of the displacements: the biggest rural cores are concentrating the migration flows of outskirt areas, shaping, instead of a traditional marshallian industrial district, a social district that we have named Rural District, which becomes a new concept for territorial development.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2011)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 165-188

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_1_2

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    Related research

    Keywords: distrito rural; economías de escala sociales; modelos hedónicos poblacionales; centro-periferia. ; rural district; social economies of scale; hedonic population models; centre-outskirts.;

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    1. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Kelvin J. Lancaster, 1966. "A New Approach to Consumer Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74, pages 132.
    3. Rosen, Sherwin, 1974. "Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 34-55, Jan.-Feb..
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