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Agua, economía y territorio: Nuevos enfoques de la Directiva Marco del Agua para la gestión del recurso/Water, Economics and Territory: New Approaches in the Water Framework Directive for the Management of Water Resources

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  • GÓMEZ-LIMÓN, JOSÉ A.

    ()
    (Área de Economía y Sociología Agrarias, Instituto de Investigación y Formación Agraria y Pesquera (IFAPA). ESPAÑA.)

  • MARTÍN-ORTEGA, JULIA

    ()
    (BASQUE CENTRE FOR CLIMATE CHANGE (BC3), ESPAÑA.)

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    Abstract

    El agua es un recurso natural que cumple múltiples funciones en los procesos de desarrollo (satisfacción de necesidades básicas de la población, configuración de los ecosistemas y paisajes, factor de producción en diversas actividades económicas, etc.) Dada su importancia vital, así como su carácter de bien económico, las autoridades públicas han tenido un papel relevante como agentes reguladores de su utilización. El último hito en este sentido lo constituye la Directiva Marco del Agua. Uno de los aspectos más novedosos de esta norma europea es el uso del análisis económico al objeto de optimizar los diferentes usos del recurso. Sin embargo, el desarrollo de los trabajos realizados en esta línea para el diseño de los nuevos planes hidrológicos ha evidenciado diversas carencias en el análisis económico de los usos del agua, el análisis de la recuperación de costes por los servicios del agua y la selección de las medidas para la consecución de tales objetivos. Del estudio de dichas limitaciones se deduce la necesidad de reforzar la relación entre las administraciones encargadas de la gestión del agua y el mundo académico, de modo que pueda hacerse un uso más riguroso y efectivo del abundante conocimiento científico existente en esta materia. Water is a natural resource that performs different functions in development processes (satisfaction of population’s basic needs, key element for ecosystems and landscapes, input in different economic activities, etc.). Taking into account this relevance and its features as an economic good, public authorities have carried out an important role as regulators. The last milestone in this path has been the approval of the Water Framework Directive. One of the most innovative points of this European rule is the use of economic analysis for the optimisation of different water uses. However, the development of the works done for the design of the new water management plans has demonstrated several shortcommings regarding the economic analysis of water uses, the analysis of costs recovery for water services and the selection of meassures to reach these objectives. In this sense it is necessary to strength the nexus beetween the policy-making and academic spheres in order to support a more rigorous and effective use of the huge scientific knowledge developed in this field.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2011)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 65-94

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_1_17

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    Related research

    Keywords: Directiva Marco del Agua; Desarrollo rural; Análisis económico; Plan hidrológico; Programa de medidas. ; Water Framework Directive; Rural development; Economic analysis; Water plan; Programme of measures.;

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    References

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    1. Varela-Ortega, Consuelo & M. Sumpsi, Jose & Garrido, Alberto & Blanco, Maria & Iglesias, Eva, 1998. "Water pricing policies, public decision making and farmers' response: implications for water policy," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 19(1-2), pages 193-202, September.
    2. Sigel, Katja & Klauer, Bernd & Pahl-Wostl, Claudia, 2010. "Conceptualising uncertainty in environmental decision-making: The example of the EU water framework directive," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 502-510, January.
    3. Velazquez, Esther, 2006. "An input-output model of water consumption: Analysing intersectoral water relationships in Andalusia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 226-240, February.
    4. Varela-Ortega, Consuelo & Sumpsi, Jose M. & Garrido, Alberto & Blanco, Maria & Iglesias, Eva, 1998. "Water pricing policies, public decision making and farmers' response: implications for water policy," Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 19(1-2), September.
    5. Riesgo, Laura & Gomez-Limon, Jose A., 2006. "Multi-criteria policy scenario analysis for public regulation of irrigated agriculture," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 91(1-2), pages 1-28, November.
    6. Berbel, J. & Gomez-Limon, J. A., 2000. "The impact of water-pricing policy in Spain: an analysis of three irrigated areas," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 219-238, March.
    7. Frank Messner, 2006. "Applying participatory multicriteria methods to river basin management: improving the implementation of the Water Framework Directive," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 24(2), pages 159-167, April.
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