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El sistema de financiación de las CCAA de régimen común y la desigualdad de la recaudación regional (1986-2007)/Financing Agreement for the Spanish Regions and Regional Inequality by Tax Collection (1986-2007)

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  • JIMÉNEZ AGUILERA, JUAN DE DIOS

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. UNIVERSIDAD DE GRANADA.)

  • MONTERO GRANADOS, ROBERTO

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. UNIVERSIDAD DE GRANADA.)

  • BARRILAO GONZÁLEZ, PEDRO E.

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. UNIVERSIDAD DE GRANADA.)

  • VILLAR RUBIO, ELENA

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. UNIVERSIDAD DE GRANADA.)

Abstract

La reforma del acuerdo de financiación de las CCAA españolas de 2009, en vigor desde enero de 2010, profundiza en la corresponsabilidad fiscal, ampliando la capacidad normativa de algunos impuestos y la participación en las cuotas territorializadas del Impuesto sobre la Renta de las Personas Físicas (IRPF), el Impuesto sobre el Valor añadido (IVA) y algunos Impuestos Especiales (IIEE). Según el mencionado acuerdo, el porcentaje descentralizado de la recaudación por IVA y por impuestos especiales se distribuye entre las Comunidades Autónomas (CCAA) en función de índices de consumo territorializado mientras que la recaudación por IRPF se distribuye en función de la cuota integra declarada por los sujetos pasivos residentes en cada Comunidad Autónoma (CA). Este artículo pretende mostrar evidencia sobre la traslación del ingreso tributario entre regiones en los tres tributos debida, en parte, a que el ingreso se realiza en la CA del domicilio fiscal del sujeto pasivo independientemente de donde se produzca el hecho imponible. Las conclusiones justifican la distribución del acuerdo por IVA e IIEE en función de criterios basados en el consumo territorializado, pero no así la distribución del tramo autonómico por IRPF que se distribuye en función del ingreso de los residentes. Since January, 2010, there's a new public financing agreement for the Spanish regions. This is based on the fiscal responsibility, expanding the regulatory capacity of some taxes and increasing the territorialized participation in the Income Tax (PIT), values added tax (VAT) and some special taxes (IISS). According to that agreement, the revenues decentralized of VAT and excise duties are distributed among the Autonomous Communities (CCAA) in terms of consumption rates, while the personal income tax revenue is distributed according to the amount declared by the persons living in each Autonomous Community (CA). This article treat on transfer of tax revenue between regions in the three taxes, due primarily that the tax pay is made in the CA of taxpayer's residence regardless of where the taxable event occurs. The findings justify the income distribution for IISS and VAT based on territorialized consumption, but not the regional distribution of personal income tax which is distributed according to revenue of residents.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 28 (2010)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
Pages: 77-102

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:28_1_14

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Related research

Keywords: descentralización; traslación tributaria interterritorial; índices de concentración; equidad y eficiencia en la recaudación. ; decentralization; interregional income displacement; concentration indices; equity and efficiency in tax collection..;

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  1. Hausman, Jerry A, 1978. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1251-71, November.
  2. Elliott, Graham & Rothenberg, Thomas J & Stock, James H, 1996. "Efficient Tests for an Autoregressive Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(4), pages 813-36, July.
  3. Quigley, John M & Smolensky, Eugene, 1992. "Conflicts among Levels of Government in a Federal System," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 47(Supplemen), pages 202-15.
  4. Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy & van der Burg, Hattem & Calonge, Samuel & Christiansen, Terkel & Citoni, Guido & Gerdtham, Ulf-G & Gerfin, Mike & Gross, Lorna & Hakinnen, Unto, 1999. "Equity in the finance of health care: some further international comparisons1," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 263-290, June.
  5. Breusch, T S & Pagan, A R, 1979. "A Simple Test for Heteroscedasticity and Random Coefficient Variation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1287-94, September.
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