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Evolución de la eficiencia técnica de la industria textil española en el periodo 1995-2005. Análisis mediante un modelo frontera estocástica/Technical Efficiency In The Textile Industry Of Spain In The Period 1995-2005: A Stochastic Frontier Approach

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Author Info

  • COLL SERRANO, V.

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Valencia. Departamento de Dirección de Empresas. Florida Universitaria.)

  • BLASCO BLASCO, O.Mª.

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Valencia)

Abstract

La industria textil española, con un peso relativo importante en la manufactura, se encuentra sumida en una profunda crisis como consecuencia de la cada vez más agresiva e intensa competencia ejercida por los países productores de bajo coste. Si bien la eficiencia no agota el conjunto de estrategias para ser competitivo, la presencia de competidores induce a su búsqueda (Porter, 1990). En este trabajo se examina la evolución de la eficiencia técnica del textil español. Con tal finalidad, para el periodo 1995-2005 y cada uno de los siete grupos de actividad en que puede subdividirse la industria textil, se estima una frontera de producción estocástica de tipo translog. Los resultados empíricos muestran que en la primera mitad del periodo la mayor parte de los grupos textiles presentaban elevados niveles de eficiencia, que atribuimos a una situación de complacencia y mantenimiento del estatus; y en la segunda mitad, posiblemente como consecuencia de la liberalización del sector (1 de enero de 2005), aumenta la ineficiencia, que identificamos con la respuesta de una parte de las empresas, motor de cambio y dinamizadoras del sector, al nuevo escenario competitivo. The Spanish textile industry has sunk into a deep crisis as a result of the increasing competition from low-cost manufacturing countries. Efficiency is not the only strategy to be competitive, although this strategy is promoted as a consequence of the presence of competitors (Porter, 1990). In this paper, it is analysed the technical efficiency of Spanish textile industry; for this purpose, a stochastic translog production frontier is estimated for the period 1995-2005 and for each of the seven groups of activity in which textile industry can be divided into. The empirical results show that, in the first half of the period, most of the textile groups achieved high levels of efficiency that we attribute to a situation of satisfaction and status maintenance; whereas during the second half of the period inefficiency grows, probably due to the liberalization of the sector (1st of January 2005). We attribute this growth to the response given to the new global competition scenario by those firms that have a dynamizing effect on the sector and are, indeed, the driving force for the change.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
Pages: 779 (32 págs)

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_3_12

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Keywords: Industria Textil; Frontera Estocástica; Eficiencia Técnica ; Textile industry; stochastic frontier; technical efficiency.;

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