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Estimación de la pobreza en las comunidades autónomas españolas, mediante la distancia DP2 de Pena /Poverty Estimate in the Spanish Autonomous Regions, using the P2-Distance Indicator


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    (Universidad de Valladolid)


Este trabajo se enmarca en las investigaciones que analizan la pobreza desde una perspectiva multidimensional e intentan aproximarse a su medición incorporando aspectos no exclusivamente económicos. El objetivo es llevar a cabo una aplicación para las comunidades autónomas españolas. Para ello, se elabora un vector de variables que contienen información sobre ingresos, salud, educación, empleo, vivienda, etc. Posteriormente se obtiene un indicador sintético de pobreza, o indicador de privación, mediante la metodología estadística basada en la distancia de Pena (DP2) Finalmente, se analiza la situación global, la posición de las distintas comunidades autónomas, y la importancia de cada variable en el indicador sintético de pobreza. This work is framed in the investigations that analyze the poverty from a multidimensional perspective and try to come near to their measurement by incorporating not only economic aspects. The aim of the paper is to carry out an application for the Spanish autonomous regions. In order to do that, a vector of variables containing information on income, health, education, employment, housing, etc., is elaborated. Later, a synthetic indicator of poverty, also named indicator of privation, is obtained by means of the statistical methodology based on P2-Distance (DP2). Finally, the global situation, the position of the different autonomous regions, and the importance of each variable in the synthetic indicator of poverty, are analyzed

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): (Agosto)
Pages: 397-416

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_2_5

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Postal: Beatriz Rodríguez Prado. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Avda. Valle del Esgueva. Valladolid 47011 SPAIN
Phone: (34) 983 423320
Fax: (34) 983 184568
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Keywords: pobreza multidimensional; privación; indicador sintético; Distancia de Pena ; multidimensional poverty; privation; synthetic indicator; P2-Distance.;

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  1. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-31, March.
  2. Bourguignon, F. & Chakravarty, S.R., 1998. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," DELTA Working Papers 98-12, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  3. Joseph Deutsch & Jacques Silber, 2005. "Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: An Empirical Comparison Of Various Approaches," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 51(1), pages 145-174, 03.
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