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La medición de la calidad de vida en Europa, el papel de la información subjetiva /The Measurement of the Quality of Life in Europe, the Weight of the Subjective Information

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  • SOMARRIBA ARECHAVALA, NOELIA

    ()

  • PENA TRAPERO, BERNARDO

    ()
    (Departamento de Estadística, Estructura y O.E.I. Universidad de Alcalá. Plaza de la Victoria, s/n. 28802-ALCALÁ DE HENARES (MADRID) (91 885 42 02))

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    Abstract

    El estudio de la calidad de vida en la UE ha cobrado un especial interés en la segunda mitad de los años ochenta y en la década de los noventa ante la necesidad por parte de los políticos de disponer de una información de calidad que resulte útil en la toma de decisiones políticas y en su valoración. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la calidad de vida de los ciudadanos de la Unión Europea reflexionado sobre si existen diferencias entre este concepto al emplear o no información de tipo subjetivo subjetiva. A la hora de medir y cuantificar la calidad de vida se han empleado diversas metodologías y aproximaciones, pero quizás la más importante y generalizada es la de los indicadores sociales. En este enfoque, el concepto a investigar es descompuesto en diversas dimensiones, que así mismo están integradas por indicadores sociales, de forma que la calidad de vida se obtiene como una combinación de la información de estos indicadores. En general, los métodos para construir indicadores sintéticos son particularmente interesantes en este campo de investigación, especialmente en el contexto de la UE, en concreto en este artículo proponemos utilizar la medida de distancia DP2. A study of the quality of life in the EU became especially interesting in the late eighties and the first decade of the nineties, when the availability of high quality information became necessary for policy decisions and their assessment. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the European Union citizens’ standard of living, examining in particular whether using or not subjective information makes any difference. When measuring and quantifying the standard of living, various methodologies have been used. However, the most general and important one is probably the social indicators approach, where the idea of quality of life is broken down into several dimensions which are likewise integrated by social indicators. Generally, the methods to build synthetic indicators are very attractive in this field of research, especially where the European Union is concerned. The aim of this paper is to use the DP2 distance measure.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
    Issue (Month): (Agosto)
    Pages: 373-398

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_2_4

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    Related research

    Keywords: Calidad de vida; Información Subjetiva; Indicadores Sintéticos y Medidas de Distancia ; Quality of life; Subjective Information; Synthetic Indicators; Distance Measures.;

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    1. Allison, P. J. & Locker, D. & Feine, J. S., 1997. "Quality of life: A dynamic construct," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 221-230, July.
    2. Slottje, Daniel J, 1991. "Measuring the Quality of Life across Countries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 684-93, November.
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