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Interdependencies of Health, Education and Poverty: The Case of South Mediterranean Economies/Interdependencias de salud, educación y pobreza: el caso de las Economías Sur-Mediterráneas

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Author Info

  • DRIOUCHI, AHMED

    (Institute of Economic Analysis & Prospective Studies IEAPS), AL AKHAWAYN UNIVERSITY, Ifrane, Morocco;)

  • BOBOC, CRISTINA

    ()
    (BUCHAREST UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMICS, Department of Statistics and Econometrics)

  • ZOUAG, NADA

    (Institute of Economic Analysis & Prospective Studies IEAPS), AL AKHAWAYN UNIVERSITY, Ifrane, Morocco)

Abstract

This study is devoted to assessing the interdependencies between health, education and wealth at the aggregate regional level of South Mediterranean Countries (SMC) for the purpose of strengthening transversal economic and social policies. It looks first, to the major contributions of the previous literature developed on this subject. Theoretical and empirical studies at micro and macroeconomic levels prove that there are causal relations between variables related to health, education and wealth. As long as only partial and limited evidence exists on these interdependencies for the SMC, the second part is an empirical analysis based on World Bank, United Nations and on composite international indices. The results show that large interdependencies appear to be consistently exhibited by the data. Also, in the Granger sense of causality, health and education have been revealed to have important effects in leading these economies. The results attained are likely contributions for the enhancement of the economic and social policies to strengthen human development in the region. Este estudio está dedicado a evaluar las interdependencias entre la salud, la educación y la riqueza al nivel regional en el conjunto de los países mediterráneos del sur, con el objetivo de reforzar las políticas económicas y sociales transversales. En primer lugar, se atiende a las principales contribuciones desarrolladas hasta el momento sobre este asunto. Estudios teóricos y empíricos a niveles micro y macroeconómicos comprueban la existencia de relaciones causales entre variables relacionadas con la salud, la educación y la riqueza. No obstante, como sólo hay evidencia parcial y limitada sobre la existencia de estas interdependencias para el SMC, la segunda parte es un análisis empírico basado en la información del Banco Mundial, de las Naciones Unidas y en índices internacionales compuestos. Los resultados muestran que las interdependencias parecen ser sustentadas por los datos. Además, en el sentido de la causalidad Granger, salud y educación parecen tener efectos importantes liderando esas economías. Los resultados obtenidos pretenden contribuir a mejorar las políticas económicas y sociales dirigidas a reforzar el desarrollo humano en la región.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): (Agosto)
Pages: 523-544

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_2_10

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Related research

Keywords: Salud; Educación; Pobreza; Causalidad de Granger ; Health; Education; Poverty; Granger causality.;

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References

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  1. Li Gan & Guan Gong, 2007. "Estimating Interdependence Between Health and Education in a Dynamic Model," NBER Working Papers 12830, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Shankha Chakraborty & Mausumi Das, 2005. "Mortality, Human Capital and Persistent Inequality," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 159-192, 06.
  3. John Strauss & Duncan Thomas, 1998. "Health, Nutrition, and Economic Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 36(2), pages 766-817, June.
  4. Michael Grossman, 2005. "Education and Nonmarket Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 11582, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Amartya Sen, 1995. "Mortality as an Indicator of Economic Success and Failure," Innocenti Lectures innlec95/2, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
  6. Daniel L. Thornton & Dallas S. Batten, 1984. "Lag length selection and Granger causality," Working Papers 1984-001, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  7. Weichun Chen & Merwan Engineer & Ian King, 2007. "Choosing Longevity with Overlapping Generations," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 1002, The University of Melbourne.
  8. David M. Cutler & Adriana Lleras-Muney & Tom Vogl, 2008. "Socioeconomic Status and Health: Dimensions and Mechanisms," NBER Working Papers 14333, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Wulf Gaertner, 2008. "Individual Rights versus Economic Growth," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 389-400.
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