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La distribución de los ingresos entre los Estados y Territorios australianos: Origen de su desigualdad y progresividad./

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  • HIERRO RECIO, LUIS ANGEL

    ()
    (Departamento Historia e Instituciones Económicas y Economía Aplicada. Facultad Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Sevilla.)

  • ATIENZA MONTERO, PEDRO

    ()
    (Departamento Historia e Instituciones Económicas y Economía Aplicada. Facultad Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Sevilla.)

  • PATIÑO RODRÍGUEZ, D.

    ()
    (Departamento Historia e Instituciones Económicas y Economía Aplicada. Facultad Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Sevilla.)

Abstract

El presente trabajo tiene por objeto analizar cómo se distribuyen las distintas fuentes de ingresos de los Estados y Territorios de Australia, a fin de evaluar la contribución de cada una de ellas a la desigualdad final resultante y valorar si el sistema de financiación es progresivo o regresivo y por qué. Para ello, la metodología aplicada es la descomposición natural de los índices de concentración y la descomposición directa del índice de Suits, resultando que la distribución de los recursos financieros es altamente igualitaria y algo progresiva, a lo cual contribuye fundamentalmente las transferencias. Ahora bien dicha progresividad en la distribución de los recursos totales se convierte en regresividad entre los Estados y Territorios con mayor nivel de producción per cápita. Esto se debe a que las transferencias benefician especialmente a los Estados y Territorios con menor tamaño poblacional. The present paper has as aim to analyse the distribution of the revenues between the States and Territories of Australia, for to assess the contribution to the inequality and progressiveness of financing resources and to value if the system is progressive o regressive and why. The methodology applied is the natural decomposition of the indexes of concentration and the direct decomposition of the index of Suits, resulting that the distribution of the financing resources presents high equality and is something progressive, due fundamentally to the contribution of the transfers. Now then, said progressiveness in the distribution of the total resources is transformed in regressiveness between the States and Territories with main level of production per cápita. This is due to that the transfers benefit especially to the States and Territories with minor population.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
Pages: 281 (20 Páginas)

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_1_10

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