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Políticas de fomento del autoempleo y creación de empleo. Un estudio de caso

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  • CUETO IGLESIAS, BEGOÑA

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. UNIVERSIDAD DE OVIEDO. Avda. del Cristo, s/n, 33006, Oviedo)

Abstract

Small enterprises are an important source of employment in European economies. Frequently first step to create a firm is self-employment and policies fostering this kind of employment are common. In this paper, an evaluation of a Spanish self-employment scheme is done focusing in its job creation effects. Results show that almost fifty per cent of the analysed individuals have hired at least one employee. People with previous work experience have a higher probability of hiring as well as those with short spells of unemployment before entering self-employment. Interesting differences are found between men and women with respect to the characteristics of their business and related to the determinants of job creation. Las microempresas suponen una importante fuente de empleo en las economías europeas. Los programas de apoyo al empleo autónomo son habituales y normalmente esta forma de empleo es el primer paso en la creación de una empresa. El objetivo de este artículo es examinar la creación de empleo en las empresas iniciadas por las personas participantes en un programa de apoyo al empleo autónomo en Asturias. Los resultados muestran que casi la mitad han creado al menos un puesto de trabajo. Las personas con experiencia laboral previa y con periodos cortos de paro antes del autoempleo presentan la probabilidad más alta de crecimiento de la empresa. Estas variables son especialmente relevantes en el caso de los hombres mientras que la contratación de empleados entre las empresas iniciadas por mujeres depende principalmente del carácter complementario o no del negocio y de su estado civil.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 26 (2008)
Issue (Month): (Septiembre)
Pages: 195-210

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:26_3_8

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  1. Ingrid Verheul & Andre van Stel & Roy Thurik, 2005. "Explaining female and male entrepreneurship at the country level," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2005-34, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  2. Howard J. Wall & Yannis Georgellis, 2000. "What makes a region entrepreneurial? Evidence from Britain," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 385-403.
  3. Hans J. Baumgartner & Marco Caliendo, 2007. "Turning Unemployment into Self-Employment: Effectiveness and Efficiency of Two Start-Up Programmes," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 671, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Fischer, Eileen M. & Reuber, A. Rebecca & Dyke, Lorraine S., 1993. "A theoretical overview and extension of research on sex, gender, and entrepreneurship," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 151-168, March.
  5. Hans J. Baumgartner & Marco Caliendo, 2008. "Turning Unemployment into Self-Employment: Effectiveness of Two Start-Up Programmes," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 70(3), pages 347-373, 06.
  6. Colin Wren, 2002. "Evaluating the effect of soft business support upon small firm performance," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 54(2), pages 334-365, April.
  7. Cowling, Marc & Taylor, Mark, 2001. " Entrepreneurial Women and Men: Two Different Species?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 167-75, May.
  8. Begona Cueto & Javier Mato, 2006. "An analysis of self-employment subsidies with duration models," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(1), pages 23-32.
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