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Educación y trabajo independiente: Un aporte a la evidencia empírica

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  • FORMICHELLA, MARÍA MARTA

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Universidad Nacional del Sur. 12 de Octubre 1198, Bahía Blanca, Provincia de Buenos Airea, Argentina.)

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    Abstract

    The objective of the present work is to analyze the determining factors for an individual to be a "Genuine Independent Wor-ker". This concept includes self-employed individuals who are not at subsistence levels or who are self-employed but respond to only one customer. Mainly, the role of education in this regard is studied. For the empirical research a LOGIT model and data from Argentinean Homes Survey corresponding to the Second Semester of 2006 are used. The most important result is the positive effect that education, age and the male gender have on the probability to belong to the studied category. El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar los determinantes de que un individuo sea “Trabajador Independiente Genuino”. Este concepto incluye a los individuos autoempleados cuyo empleo no es de subsistencia ni de dependencia encubierta. Prin-cipalmente, se investiga el rol que tiene la educación como factor determinante. Para la realización del estudio empírico se utilizan, un modelo LOGIT y datos de la Encuesta de Hogares de Argentina correspondientes al Segundo Semestre de 2006. Entre los resultados encontrados se destaca el efecto positivo que tienen la educación, la edad y el género masculino sobre la probabilidad de pertenecer a la categoría estudiada.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 26 (2008)
    Issue (Month): (Septiembre)
    Pages: 115-140

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:26_3_2

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    1. Arrow, Kenneth J., 1973. "Higher education as a filter," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 193-216, July.
    2. Thomas Dunn & Douglas Holtz-Eakin, 1996. "Financial Capital, Human Capital, and the Transition to Self-Employment:Evidence from Intergenerational Links," NBER Working Papers 5622, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Blanchflower, David G & Oswald, Andrew J, 1998. "What Makes an Entrepreneur?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 26-60, January.
    4. van Praag, C M & Cramer, J S, 2001. "The Roots of Entrepreneurship and Labour Demand: Individual Ability and Low Risk Aversion," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 68(269), pages 45-62, February.
    5. Taylor, Mark P, 1999. "Self-Employment and Windfall Gains in Britain: Evidence From Panel Data," CEPR Discussion Papers 2084, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Evans, David S & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1989. "An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice under Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 808-27, August.
    7. Spence, A Michael, 1973. "Job Market Signaling," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 87(3), pages 355-74, August.
    8. Evans, David S & Leighton, Linda S, 1989. "Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(3), pages 519-35, June.
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