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La convergencia socio-económica de las Comunidades Autónomas españolas en la década de los noventa

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  • TORRES SOLÉ, T.

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Lleida. Campus Cappont, Av. Jaume II, 73 25001 Lleida Teléfono 973 70 33 05 Fax 973 70 33 00)

  • SALA-RÍOS, M.

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Lleida. Campus Cappont. Avda. Jaume II, 73. 25001. Lleida)

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    Abstract

    The analysis about the growth and the convergence has given rise to a wide and copious literature. The research that have acquired most protagonism are those that evaluate empirically the existence or not of convergence in the levels of income among different regions. In this paper we understand that the concept of convergence is much wider and other variables must be taken into account besides the level of income. We propose to speak of social-economic convergence understood like the tendency to the diminution of the breach between the standards of life through the behaviour of the variables social-economic that define them. Our aim is triple. First, evaluate what convergence clubs are detected in the CCAA in 1990 and 2000. Secondly, analyze whether with the course of the time many interclubs changes have been produced and which variables have conditioned them. Finally, analyze if a process of social-economic convergence in the CCAA between 1990 and 2000 took place. Our results point to the fact in the ninety not had place a social-economic convergence between the CCAA. El análisis sobre el crecimiento y la convergencia ha dado lugar a una amplia y copiosa literatura. Los trabajos que han adquirido mayor protagonismo son aquéllos que evalúan empíricamente la existencia o no de convergencia en los niveles de renta entre distintas regiones. En este trabajo entendemos que el concepto de convergencia es mucho más amplio y en él deben tenerse en cuenta otras variables además del nivel de renta. Proponemos hablar de clubes de convergencia socio-económica. Entendida la convergencia como la tendencia a la disminución de la brecha entre los estándares de vida medidos a través del comportamiento de las variables socio-económicas que los definen. Los objetivos que se persiguen son tres. En primer lugar, evaluar qué clubes de convergencia se detectan en las CCAA en el año 1990 y en el año 2000. En segundo lugar, ver si con el transcurso del tiempo se produjeron muchos cambios interclubes y qué variables los condicionaron. Por último, analizar si tuvo lugar un proceso de convergencia socio-económica en las CCAA entre 1990 y 2000. Los resultados apuntan a que a lo largo de la década de los noventa no tuvo lugar un proceso de convergencia socio-económica entre las CCAA.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 26 (2008)
    Issue (Month): (Julio)
    Pages: 303-332

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:26_3_10

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    1. Chatterji, Monojit, 1992. "Convergence Clubs and Endogenous Growth," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(4), pages 57-69, Winter.
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    3. Costas Megir & Danny Quah, 1995. "Regional convergence clusters across Europe," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 2188, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Quah, Danny, 1993. " Galton's Fallacy and Tests of the Convergence Hypothesis," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(4), pages 427-43, December.
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    7. Quah, Danny, 1993. "Empirical cross-section dynamics in economic growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 426-434, April.
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    10. Quah, Danny T, 1997. " Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 27-59, March.
    11. Leonede Leonida & Daniel Montolio, . "Inter-Distributional and Intra-Clusters Dynamics, and Territorial Distribution of Growth among Spanish Provinces," Studies on the Spanish Economy, FEDEA 109, FEDEA.
    12. Danny Quah, 1996. "Twin Peaks: Growth and Convergence in Models of Distribution Dynamics," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp0280, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    13. Steven N. Durlauf & Paul A. Johnson, 1992. "Local Versus Global Convergence Across National Economies," NBER Working Papers 3996, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Baumol, William J & Wolff, Edward N, 1988. "Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 78(5), pages 1155-59, December.
    15. Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 1999. "Convergence or Divergence? Types of Regional Responses to Socio-Economic Change in Western Europe," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 90(4), pages 365-378, November.
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