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The Reform of the Pension Systems in Easterm Europe and these Impact about the Efficiency and Equity/La reforma de los sistemas de pensiones en Europa del Este y su impacto sobre la eficiencia y la equidad

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  • ANTÓN PÉREZ, JOSÉ IGNACIO

    ()
    (Universidad de Salamanca.)

Abstract

At the end of the last decade several countries in Eastern Europe undertook changes in their pension systems, adopting different strategies of reform. Although it is recognized the scant time passed since the start of the reforms, this work intends to discuss the different implications of these changes from the double perspective of efficiency and equity. From the perspective of efficiency, the author mainly analyzes the ability of the new systems to cope with demographic aging and to promote national saving, the pension funds market structure, the contribution evasion and, especially, the potential administration costs. The author concludes that efficiency does not increase in the aspects considered here. From the perspective of equity, the paper, by means of a simulation of replacement rates, shows that the distributive power of pensions decreases, so other instruments to achieve equity objectives will have to be proposed. A finales de la pasada década varios países de Europa del Este acometieron cambios en sus sistemas de pensiones, adoptando diferentes estrategias de reforma. Aunque se reconoce el escaso tiempo transcurrido tras las reformas, el objetivo de este artículo es analizar las implicaciones que conllevan estos cambios desde las perspectivas de la eficiencia y de la equidad. Desde la perspectiva de la eficiencia, se analiza la capacidad de los nuevos sistemas para afrontar el envejecimiento demográfico y promover el incremento del ahorro, la estructura del mercado de fondos de pensiones, la evasión en las contribuciones y, especialmente, los potenciales costes de administración en los nuevos sistemas. Se concluye que, en los aspectos considerados, la eficiencia no se incrementa. Desde la perspectiva de la equidad, el artículo, a través de una simulación de las tasas de reemplazo, muestra que el potencial distributivo de las pensiones disminuye, por lo que deberán proponerse otros instrumentos para alcanzar objetivos de equidad.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 24 (2006)
Issue (Month): (Agosto)
Pages: 643 (20 páginas)

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:24_2_20

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Related research

Keywords: Reform; Eastern Europe; Administrative Cost; Equity/Reforma; Países del Este; Eficiencia; Costes de Administración; Equidad.;

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References

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  1. Chlon, Agnieszka & Gora, Marek & Rutkowski, Michal, 1999. "Shaping pension reform in Poland : security through diversity," Social Protection Discussion Papers 20852, The World Bank.
  2. Peter A. Diamond, 2000. "Administrative Costs and Equilibrium Charges with Individual Accounts," NBER Chapters, in: Administrative Aspects of Investment-Based Social Security Reform, pages 137-172 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Whitehouse, Edward, 2001. "Pension systems in 15 countries compared: the value of entitlements," MPRA Paper 14751, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Schneider, Friedrich, 2002. "The Size and Development of the Shadow Economies of 22 Transition and 21 OECD Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 514, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. John Geanakoplos & Michael Magill & Martine Quinzii, 2002. "Demography and the Long-run Predictability of the Stock Market," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1380, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  6. Eric M. Engen & William G. Gale, 1997. "Effects of Social Security reform on private and national saving," Conference Series ; [Proceedings], Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, vol. 41(Jun), pages 103-142.
  7. Sergio Cesaratto, 2006. "Transition to fully funded pension schemes: a non-orthodox criticism," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 30(1), pages 33-48, January.
  8. Rocha, Roberto & Vittas, Dimitri, 2001. "Pension reform in Hungary : a preliminary assessment," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2631, The World Bank.
  9. Peter Diamond, 2004. "Social Security," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 1-24, March.
  10. Palacios, Robert & Rocha, Roberto, 1998. "The Hungarian pension system in transition," Social Protection Discussion Papers 20048, The World Bank.
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