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Cost-benefit Analysis and the Difficulty of Applying it to Climate Change/El análisis coste-beneficio y la dificultad de su aplicación al cambio climático

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  • GARCÍA FERNÁNDEZ, CRISTINA

    ()
    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología. Departamento de Economía Aplicada V. Dirección de Contacto: C/ Golondrina 98, 2º A. Aravaca 28023. Madrid. Tel: 91 3079693. Móvil: 606098082.)

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    Abstract

    If we want to apply the ACB methodology to the problem of global warming we find serious difficulties as how to obtain the correct data, how to use the Gross Domestic product (GDP) , the use of the discount rate and the uncertainty. One of those uncertainties is that the scientists do not know exactly which are the key factors that produce the climate change. This point makes many experts think that it is necessary to implement immediate actions that mitigate global warming. The problem is that ACB cannot deal with this argument. This paper discusses what are the difficulties of ACB methodology in order to be applied to climate change. A la hora de aplicar la metodología del análisis coste-beneficio (ACB) al fenómeno del calentamiento global nos encontramos ante una serie de complicaciones tales como la obtención correcta de los datos, la utilización del producto nacional bruto (PNB), el uso de la tasa de descuento y la incertidumbre. Una de las incertidumbres es que, todavía los científicos no entienden algunos de los mecanismos claves que determinan el cambio climático, por lo que la opinión de muchos expertos es la de poner en marcha acciones inmediatas encaminadas a mitigar el calentamiento global. El problema es que este argumento es difícil de incorporar en el ACB. En este artículo se exponen las dificultades que existen para aplicar la metodología ACB al problema del cambio climático.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2006)
    Issue (Month): (Agosto)
    Pages: 639 (12 páginas)

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:24_2_18

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    Related research

    Keywords: Climate Change; Global Warming; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Economic Cost/Cambio climático; Calentamiento global; Análisis costebeneficio; Costes económicos.;

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    1. Newell, Richard G. & Pizer, William A., 2003. "Discounting the distant future: how much do uncertain rates increase valuations?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 52-71, July.
    2. Clarke, Rosemary & Boero, Gianna & Winters, L Alan, 1996. "Controlling Greenhouse Gases: A Survey of Global Macroeconomic Studies," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(4), pages 269-308, October.
    3. Jean-Marc Burniaux & John P. Martin & Giuseppe Nicoletti & Joaquim Oliveira Martins, 1991. "GREEN - - A Multi-Region Dynamic General Equilibrium Model for Quantifying the Costs of Curbing CO2 Emissions: A Technical Manual," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 104, OECD Publishing.
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