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Empresa, comportamiento innovador y Universidad: el caso de la Economía Social en Andalucía/Enterprise, innovating behaviour and University: the case of Andalusian Social Economy

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Author Info

  • BORRA MARCOS, CRISTINA

    ()
    (Departamento de Teoría Económica y Economía Política)

  • GARCÍA SÁNCHEZ, ANTONIO

    ()
    (Departamento de Teoría Económica y Economía Política)

  • ESPASANDÍN BUSTELO, FRANCISCO

    ()
    (Departamento de Organización de Empresas y Marketing. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Sevilla.)

Abstract

La finalidad de esta investigación es presentar, a partir de datos primarios y secundarios, un modelo cognitivo sobre el comportamiento innovador de las empresas de Economía Social andaluzas, que sea útil a los siguientes agentes sociales: investigadores, empresarios y gestores públicos. Para alcanzar la finalidad previa, se sigue el siguiente itinerario de investigación. En primer lugar, se plantea un modelo teórico en el que la decisión de innovar (comportamiento innovador) depende de condicionantes internos (cultura organizativa, tamaño, diversificación de la actividad, capacidad para asumir riesgos, valoración del entorno…), externos (sector de actividad, localización, Universidad…) y de las interacciones entre ellos (relaciones empresa-Universidad-Estado). A continuación, se diseña un modelo econométrico probit dicótomo, que se aplica a una muestra de 515 empresas de Economía Social de Andalucía y que se estima mediante máxima verosimilitud. Los resultados revelan que la existencia de relacio- nes con la Universidad tiene un efecto positivo sobre la probabilidad de innovar. No obstante, cuantitativamente, el mayor efecto procede de las variables representativas de la localización. The aim of this research is to offer a cognitive model of innovating behaviour of Andalusian Social Economy enterprises, using both primary and secondary data, that can be considered useful by researchers, entrepreneurs and public managers. In order to reach the previous purpose, the following itinerary of investigation is followed. In the first place, a theoretical model is presented in which the decision to innovate (innovating behaviour) depends on internal conditions (organizational culture, size, diversification of activity, capacity to assume risks, valuation of environment…), external factors (sector of activity, location, University,…) and interactive relationships (University-Industry-Government relations). Next, an econometric probit model is designed and applied to a sample of 515 companies of Social Economy of Andalusia and estimated by maximum likelihood. Our findings reveal that having relationships with Universities increases the probability of innovating. Nevertheless, location appears to hae the mayor impact on that decision.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 23 (2005)
Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
Pages: 583-606

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:23_3_3

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Related research

Keywords: Innovación; Economía Social; Modelos de Elección Discreta/Innovation; Social Economy; Discrete Choice Models.;

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References

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  1. repec:fth:iniesr:430 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Anselin, Luc & Varga, Attila & Acs, Zoltan, 1997. "Local Geographic Spillovers between University Research and High Technology Innovations," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 422-448, November.
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  5. J. P. Francois & F. Favre & S. Negassi, 2002. "Competence and Organization: Two Drivers of Innovation," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 249-270.
  6. Oerlemans, L.A.G. & Meeus, M.T.H. & Boekema, F.W.M., 2001. "Firm clustering and innovation," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-87468, Tilburg University.
  7. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J., 1994. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," CEPR Discussion Papers 1015, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The triple helix: an evolutionary model of innovations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 243-255, February.
  9. Etzkowitz, Henry & Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and "Mode 2" to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 109-123, February.
  10. de Castro, Eduardo Anselmo & Rodrigues, Carlos & Esteves, Carlos & da Rosa Pires, Artur, 2000. "The triple helix model as a motor for the creative use of telematics," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 193-203, February.
  11. Galende, Jesus & de la Fuente, Juan Manuel, 2003. "Internal factors determining a firm's innovative behaviour," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 715-736, May.
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