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Estimación anual de matrices de contabilidad social usando el método de la mínima entropía: aplicación a la economía española del año 2000/Annual Estimation the Social Accounting Matrices Using Cross Entropy Methods: Aplicattion to the Spanish Economy for 2000

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Author Info

  • RODRÍGUEZ MORILLA, CARMEN

    ()
    (Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos e Historia Económica.Universidad de Sevilla. Avda. Ramón y Cajal, s/n. 41018 – Sevilla. Tfno.: 954557605; Fax: 954557649;)

  • LLANES DÍAZ-SALAZAR, GASPAR

    (Secretaría General de Economía. Junta de Andalucía y Departamento de Economía y Empresa. Universidad Pablo de Olavide.)

Abstract

Este artículo presenta una metodología para la estimación anual de Matrices de Contabilidad Social (SAM, Social Accounting Matrix, en terminología anglosajona). Esta metodología ha sido desarrollada para construir estas matrices a partir de datos procedentes de las Cuentas Nacionales y de una SAM conocida “a priori”. Se realiza una aplicación para la economía española y el año 2000. Se presentan dos versiones calculadas ambas utilizando el método de “Minimización de la Entropía Cruzada” (“Cross Entropy Method”): una con formulación combinada origen-destino y otra con formulación input-output simétrica. Este trabajo puede resultar útil para los responsables de la elaboración de las cuentas nacionales y para los estudiosos de la evaluación de políticas públicas. También es una referencia para obtener de forma anual los multiplicadores contables y para los Modelos de Equilibrio General Aplicados (MEGA). This paper presents a methodology to annual estimation the Social Accounting Matrices (SAM). This methodology has been developed for build these matrices using available data from the National Accounts and “a priori” know SAM. We present an application for the Spanish Economy for 2000. We present two versions, both calculated using Cross Entropy Method: one following use-income formulation and other with symmetric input-output formulation. These SAM can be useful for national accounts maker and for the public policies evaluation. Also is a reference to obtain annual accounting multipliers and developed a Computable General Equilibrium Models.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 23 (2005)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
Pages: 279-302

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:23_1_14

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Keywords: Técnicas de optimización matemática (Método de la Mínima Entropia); Modelos Input-Output; Modelos de Equilibrio General Aplicados; Matriz de Contabilidad Social; Contabilidad Nacional/Optimisation Techniques (Cross Entropy Method); Input-Output Models; Computable General Equilibrium Models; Social Accounting Matrix; National Accounts.;

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  1. Propper, Carol, 2000. "The demand for private health care in the UK," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 855-876, November.
  2. Hausman, Jerry A, 1978. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1251-71, November.
  3. Viscusi, W Kip & Evans, William N, 1990. "Utility Functions That Depend on Health Status: Estimates and Economic Implications," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(3), pages 353-74, June.
  4. Joan Costa & Jaume Garcia, 2003. "Demand for private health insurance: how important is the quality gap?," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(7), pages 587-599.
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