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La contribución de las políticas de inversión en capital público y humano al crecimiento de la productividad en la UE-15/The Contribution of Human and Public Capital Policies to Productivity Growth in the 15-EU Countries

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  • DELGADO RODRÍGUEZ, Mª J.

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Telf.: 914 887 951)

  • ÁLVAREZ AYUSO, I.

    ()
    (Departamento de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico II, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Complutense de Madrid.)

Abstract

En este trabajo se analiza la contribución de las políticas públicas de inversión en capital público y humano al crecimiento de la productividad total de los factores en la UE-15 durante el periodo 1980- 2001. Esta contribución se estima a través de la elaboración de índices de productividad de Malmquist calculados mediante técnicas no paramétricas de programación lineal, que permiten descomponer el crecimiento de la productividad en ganancias de eficiencia y cambio tecnológico. Ello hace posible la investigación de distintos canales de influencia de estas dotaciones en las economías europeas. Los resultados obtenidos señalan al cambio técnico como principal fuente del crecimiento de estos países y confirman el proceso de difusión de tecnología en el periodo estudiado. Se constata también que las políticas de gasto en educación llevadas a cabo por los países de la UE-15 han ejercido una influencia favorable tanto sobre la innovación como sobre la adopción de tecnología. In this research we analyse the contribution of public policies of investment on public and human capital to total factor productivity growth in the 15-EU State members during the years of 1980-2001. With this aim a nonparametric programming method is used to compute Malmquist productivity indices and decompose total productivity growth into components attributable to technological change and technological catch-up. The results show that technical change is the main source of growth for these economies and the existence of a technological catch-up process in the period studied. We also confirm that the policies on educational expenditure carried out by the countries in the 15-EU have a favourable influence on innovation and technological diffusion.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 22 (2004)
Issue (Month): (Agosto)
Pages: 273-288

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:22_2_8

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Related research

Keywords: Public capital; Human capital; Technical efficiency; Malmquist index; Public goods;

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