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Un nuevo marco de análisis para los bienes públicos: la Teoría de los Bienes Públicos Globales/A New Analytical Framework for Public Goods: the Theory of Global Public Goods

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  • GARCÍA-ARIAS, J.

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de CC. Económicas, Universidad de León. Campus de Vegazana, 24071 León, España. Telf.: 987 211 745)

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    Abstract

    El proceso de globalización, junto con otros factores, ha traído aparejado una transformación sustantiva en la justificación y en la capacidad de actuación del sector público en una economía de mercado. En este trabajo analizamos uno de los vértices de este proceso, concretamente cómo la tradicional Teoría de los Bienes Públicos es ampliada con una nueva Teoría de los Bienes Públicos Globales (BPG), como consecuencia de que el ámbito en el que emergen algunos de los bienes no rivales y no excluibles más relevantes se ha hecho transnacional. Tras introducir el fenómeno de los BPG, se esboza un modelo de provisión/financiación eficiente para los mismos y se extraen algunas conclusiones de política económica, entre ellas la necesidad, para la mayoría de los BPG, de una intervención pública de naturaleza supranacional para garantizar un nivel de dotación eficiente de los mismos. The globalization process, together with other contributing factors, has brought about a substantial transformation in the justification and ability of public sector intervention in a market economy. In this paper, we cover one of the areas of this process, specifically how the traditional Public Goods Theory is widened with a new Theory of Global Public Goods (GPG), arising from the fact that some of the more relevant non-rival and non-excludable goods come from a transnational framework. After presenting the phenomena of the GPG, we outline a model of efficient provision and financing of these goods and we then extract some conclusions on economic policy, amongst them, the need of a transnational public intervention to guarantee an efficient level of provision for most GPG.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2004)
    Issue (Month): (Agosto)
    Pages: 187-212

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:22_2_3

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    Related research

    Keywords: mundialización; nueva economía pública internacional; política pública mundial; optimización condicionada;

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    References

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    1. Warr, Peter G., 1983. "The private provision of a public good is independent of the distribution of income," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 13(2-3), pages 207-211.
    2. Kanbur, Ravi & Sandler, Todd & Morrison, Kevin, 1999. "The Future of Development Assistance: Common Pools and International Public Goods," Staff General Research Papers 1629, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    3. Vicary, Simon & Sandler, Todd, 2002. "Weakest-link public goods: Giving in-kind or transferring money," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1501-1520, September.
    4. Arce M., Daniel G. & Sandler, Todd, 2001. "Transnational public goods: strategies and institutions," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 493-516, September.
    5. Theodore Groves & Martin Loeb, 1974. "Incentives and Public Inputs," Discussion Papers 29, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
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