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Análisis de la decisión de exportar de las empresas agroalimentarias españolas: una aproximación con datos microeconómicos/Agri-food Firms Export Behaviour: a Microeconomic Approach

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  • AMEUR, M.

    ()
    (Dpto. Ingeniería Agroalimentaria ESAB. Universidad de Cataluña.Comte d’Urgell, 187 08036 Barcelona.)

  • GRACIA ROYO, A.

    ()
    (.Investigadora en la Unidad de Economía Agraria.Servicio de Investigación Agroalimentaria Gobierno de Aragón.Avda. Montañana, 93050.059 Zaragoza.)

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    Abstract

    El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar el comportamiento estratégico de las empresas agroalimentarias españolas en relación a los mercados exteriores. Para llevar a cabo este objetivo se ha definido un modelo de competencia imperfecta en el que unas empresas compiten a la Cournot y otras de manera competitiva. Además, se ha supuesto que las empresas toman simultáneamente tres decisiones estratégicas: dimensión empresarial, propensión exportadora e innovación. Este modelo es estimado con los datos de la Encuesta de Estrategias Empresariales (EESE) para el año 1998. Se ofrecen los principales resultados para las empresas agroalimentarias españolas y al final, se remarcan las principales diferencias entre éstas y el resto de empresas industriales. The objective of this paper is to analyze the strategic behaviour of the Spanish agri-food firms. An imperfect competition model with a group of dominant firms in an oligopolistic market, and a second group consisting of a competitive fringe have been used. Moreover, firms decide simultaneously the total output, how much to sell in the domestic and international market, and the investment on product innovative activity. This model has been estimated using information from a National Survey: “Encuesta de Estrategias Empresariales” in 1998. Firstly, agri-food firm behaviour results are shown and, finally, main differences and similarities between Spanish agri-food firms and the rest of firms are remarked.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2004)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 22

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:22_1_9

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    Related research

    Keywords: Empresas agroalimentarias; España; Decisión de exportar; Competencia Imperfecta/Agri-food firms; Spain; Export decision; Imperfect competition.;

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    References

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    1. Nelson, Forrest & Olson, Lawrence, 1978. "Specification and Estimation of a Simultaneous-Equation Model with Limited Dependent Variables," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 19(3), pages 695-709, October.
    2. Encaoua, David & Jacquemin, Alexis, 1980. "Degree of Monopoly, Indices of Concentration and Threat of Entry," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 21(1), pages 87-105, February.
    3. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1988. "Innovation in Large and Small Firms: An Empirical Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(4), pages 678-90, September.
    4. Andrea Bonaccorsi, 1992. "On the Relationship Between Firm Size and Export Intensity," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 23(4), pages 605-635, December.
    5. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1978. "The Estimation of a Simultaneous Equation Generalized Probit Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(5), pages 1193-1205, September.
    6. Clarke, Roger & Davies, Stephen W, 1982. "Market Structure and Price-Cost Margins," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 49(195), pages 277-87, August.
    7. Cavusgil, S. Tamer & Naor, Jacob, 1987. "Firm and management characteristics as discriminators of export marketing activity," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 221-235, June.
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