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Modelling Consumer Transport Demand and Sustainable Development

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  • KRATENA, K(*)

    ()
    (Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO))

  • WÜGER, M.

Abstract

El presente artículo se centra en la modelización económica y el análisis empírico de estructuras sostenibles del consumo privado, tratando de extender los modelos económicos convencionales de consumo. El punto de partida para el análisis de consumo sontenible de energía para el transporte es el concepto de funciones de producción de los hogares. El punto principal del análisis son los servicios de consumo derivados de una combinación de stocks (sistema de transportes) y flujos (principalmente, energía). Los patrones de consumo sostenible pueden alcanzarse mediante una sustitución de flujos por stocks (por ejemplo, mejoras en la eficiencia energética del sistema de transportes). Los dos factores esenciales en el contexto del consumo sostenible son, por un lado, los cambios en la demanda de los servicios de consumo deseados y, por otro, la estructura de la combinación entre flujos y stocks necesarios para la provisión de dichos servicios. The paper focuses on economic modelling and empirical analysis of sustainable structures in private consumption and strives to extend conventional economic consumption models. Starting point for the model analysis of sustainable consumption of energy for transport purposes was the household production function concept. The focal point of the analysis is consumer services derived from a combination of stocks (transport systems) and flows (mainly energy). Sustainable consumption patterns can arise, when within service demand production substitution of flows by stocks (e.g. improvements in energy efficiency of transport systems) takes place. Two essential factors are crucial in the context of sustainable consumption: the demand shifts concerning the consumer services desired, and the composition of the stock-flow mix necessary for the service provision.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 21 (2003)
Issue (Month): (Agosto)
Pages: 243-258

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:21_2_4

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Related research

Keywords: Sustainable Development; Consumption; Economic Modelling;

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  1. Deaton,Angus & Muellbauer,John, 1980. "Economics and Consumer Behavior," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521296762, October.
  2. Jager, W. & Janssen, M. A. & De Vries, H. J. M. & De Greef, J. & Vlek, C. A. J., 2000. "Behaviour in commons dilemmas: Homo economicus and Homo psychologicus in an ecological-economic model," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 357-379, December.
  3. Gintis, Herbert, 2000. "Beyond Homo economicus: evidence from experimental economics," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 311-322, December.
  4. Stigler, George J & Becker, Gary S, 1977. "De Gustibus Non Est Disputandum," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 76-90, March.
  5. Bossel, Hartmut, 2000. "Policy assessment and simulation of actor orientation for sustainable development," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 337-355, December.
  6. Willett, Keith D. & Naghshpour, Shahdad, 1987. "Residential demand for energy commodities : A household production function approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 251-256, October.
  7. Kelvin J. Lancaster, 1966. "A New Approach to Consumer Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74, pages 132.
  8. Wander Jager, Marco A. Janssen, Charles Viek, 2001. "Experimentation with household dynamics: the consumat approach," International Journal of Sustainable Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1), pages 90-100.
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