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La reforma de la PAC y la aplicación de la Directiva Marco de Agua: Repercusiones sobre la agricultura de regadío

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  • GÓMEZ-LIMÓN RODRÍGUEZ, J.A.

    (Departamento de Economía Agraria. Universidad de Valladolid.)

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    Abstract

    La agricultura de regadío está influenciada directamente por distintas políticas de la UE, en especial por la Política Agraria Común (PAC) y por su política medioambiental. Así, mientras la primera dispone de instrumentos específicos para el mantenimiento de rentas agrarias (intervención sobre los mercados y ayudas directas a los productores), la segunda condiciona su desarrollo imponiendo normas que promueven una agricultura más sostenible. El presente trabajo trata de analizar las interrelaciones entre ambas políticas europeas y su influencia sobre las zonas regables. En concreto, se analiza cómo la reciente reforma de la PAC ha influido sobre la función de demanda de agua, de cara a estudiar el impacto que tendría la tarifación que propone la Directiva Marco de Agua (DMA). Asimismo, se han establecido diferentes escenarios futuros de la PAC al objeto de estudiar las repercusiones que éstos, en conjunción con la DMA, tendrían sobre estas zonas agrícolas. Para alcanzar este objetivo se ha optado por la realización de simulaciones a través de modelos de programación matemática, desarrollados dentro del paradigma de la Decisión Multicriterio. La metodología propuesta se ha puesto en práctica en la Comunidad de Regantes del Bajo Carrión (Palencia). Los resultados obtenidos demuestran la necesidad de coordinación de ambas políticas para conseguir los objetivos económicos (mantenimiento de rentas agrarias y recuperación de costes), sociales (incremento de oportunidades de empleo en zonas rurales) y ambientalistas (ahorro de agua y disminución en el uso de agroquímicos) perseguidos por las mismas. Irrigation agriculture is directly influenced by different UE policies, especially by the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and by its Environmental Policy. Thus, while the first one implement specific instruments to maintain agricultural incomes (market interventions and direct subsidies to producers), the second one controls its development imposing rules focus on the achievement of a sustainable agriculture. This paper tries to analyse the interrelationships between both European policies and their influence on the irrigated areas. In this way, it is analysed how the recent CAP reform has influenced on the water demand function, in order to study the impact that the water pricing proposed by the Framework Directive on Water (FDW) would have. Also, it has been established different future scenarios of the CAP to study their repercussions, at the same time with the FDW, would have on these agricultural areas. To reach this objective the study has opted to implement simulations through mathematical programming models, developed within the Multicriteria Decision Making paradigm. The proposed methodology has been tested in the Community of Irrigants of the Bajo Carrión (Palencia, Spain). The results obtained show the necessity of co-ordination between both policies in order to reach the economic (agricultural incomes maintenance and full cost recovery), social (employment generation y rural areas) and environmental (water save and agrochemical use reduction) objectives proposed.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 20 (2002)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 155-195

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:20_1_6

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    Postal: Beatriz Rodríguez Prado. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Avda. Valle del Esgueva. Valladolid 47011 SPAIN
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    Related research

    Keywords: Agricultural policy; Water pricing; Irrigated agriculture; Multicriteria Decision Making; Scenarios.;

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    1. Qureshi, M. E. & Harrison, S. R. & Wegener, M. K., 1999. "Validation of multicriteria analysis models," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 105-116, November.
    2. Hardaker, J. Brian & Pandey, Sushil & Patten, Louise H., 1991. "Farm Planning under Uncertainty: A Review of Alternative Programming Models," Review of Marketing and Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 59(01), April.
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