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El efecto industria en la estructura económico-financiera de la empresa

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  • HERNÁNDEZ GARCÍA, Mª del Carmen

    (Departamento de Economía Financiera y Contabilidad)

  • RODRÍGUEZ BRITO, Mª Gracia

    (Departamento de Análisis Económico)

  • RODRÍGUEZ FERRER, Teresa

    (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales Universidad de La Laguna)

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    Abstract

    Este trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar alguna evidencia empírica sobre la existencia de diferencias significativas en el comportamiento de las empresas que compiten en el sector de servicios. Además, tratamos de identificar aquellos rasgos distintivos de las empresas que permitan el diseño de un perfil de los subsectores. En base a esto, y para llevar a cabo este objetivo, se parte de los valores de un conjunto de variables que describen aspectos económicos y financieros de las empresas que operan en los distintos subsectores y, mediante el análisis discriminante se obtiene una función síntesis de las características de las empresas del subsector. El estudio pretende identificar factores capaces de diferenciar grupos homogéneos dentro del tejido empresarial canario, a partir de una muestra de empresas para el período 1992-1996. Los resultados del trabajo proporcionan evidencia a favor de la existencia de diferencias significativas en el comportamiento económico-financiero de las empresas en función del subsector en el que desarrollan su actividad. Complementariamente, observamos que determinadas variables económicofinancieras son capaces de discriminar entre empresas que compiten en diferentes subsectores, y en consecuencia estas variables permiten esbozar un perfil del subsector. The principal aim of this work is to provide empirical evidence about the existence of differences in the behaviour of the service sector companies. Futhermore, we try to identify those distinctive features of the enterprises of each service sector that allow us the design of a profile of the subsector. On the evidence of this, and to carry out this target, we should start from the values of a variable set that describe the economic and financial aspects of the companies working in the different subsectors and, through the discriminant analysis we can obtain a synthesis function from the features of the subsector companies. This work tries to identify factors able to distinguish homogeneous groups within the canary corporate organization, based on a sample of companies during the period 1992-1996. The results thereof reveal the existence of differences in the economic-financial behaviour of the companies according to the subsector in which they develop their business. In addition, we can observe that given economic-financial variables are capable of discriminating among companies that compete in different subsectors, and consequently these variables permit to draw a profile of the subsector.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 17 (2001)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 141-161

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:17_1_3

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    Related research

    Keywords: industry effect; service sector; economic structure; financial structure; factor analysis; discriminant analysis.;

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    Cited by:
    1. Alfonso, Galindo Lucas, 2006. "Repercusiones de la definición de tamaño empresarial en los resultados empíricos sobre eficiencia y financiación
      [Repercussions of firm size definition on empirical results for firm efficiency
      ," MPRA Paper 4731, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Sep 2007.

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