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Estimating household production outputs with time use episode data


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  • Duncan Ironmonger

    (The Households Research Unit, Department of Economics, The University of Melbourne, Australia)

  • Faye Soupourmas

    (The Households Research Unit, Department of Economics, The University of Melbourne, Australia)


It is not widely recognised that diary-based surveys of time use contain data not only on ‘input’ time but also on ‘output’ time. The diaries record episodes of time use throughout the day showing activities that can be categorised not only as household production input time, such as preparing a meal, but also household output (or consumption) time such as eating a meal. Harvey and Mukhopadhyay (1996) seem to have been the first to use the methodology of counting output episodes from time use surveys to estimate and value household production outputs. Using episode data from the 1992 Canadian time use survey, they counted the number of meals, the hours of child care and the nights of accommodation. Our paper explores the application of this methodology to the episode data from Australian time use surveys. We extend the outputs to include episodes of transport provided by households. This is in accord with the Eurostat recommendation to include transport as a final output in the preparation of satellite accounts of household production.

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Article provided by Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)) and The International Association for Time Use Research (IATUR) in its journal electronic International Journal of Time Use Research.

Volume (Year): 6 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (September)
Pages: 240-268

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Handle: RePEc:leu:journl:2009:vol6:issue2:p240-268

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Keywords: Household production outputs; time use surveys; episode data; gross household product; satellite accounts of household production; accommodation; meals; child care; clean clothes; transport;

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  1. Jonathan Gershuny & John Robinson, 1988. "Historical changes in the household division of labor," Demography, Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 537-552, November.
  2. Kay Axhausen & Andrea Zimmermann & Stefan Schönfelder & Guido Rindsfüser & Thomas Haupt, 2002. "Observing the rhythms of daily life: A six-week travel diary," Transportation, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 95-124, May.
  3. Andrew Harvey, 1993. "Guidelines for time use data collection," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 30(2), pages 197-228, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Michael Bittman & Duncan Ironmonger, 2011. "Valuing Time: A Conference Overview," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 101(2), pages 173-183, April.


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