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Contributions to social security in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay: Densities, transitions and duration

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Author Info

  • Alvaro Foteza

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay)

  • Ignacio Apella

    (Center for the Study of State and Society (CEDES), Argentina)

  • Eduardo Fajnzylber

    (School of Government of the Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Chile)

  • Carlos Grushka

    (Superintendency of AFJP, Argentina)

  • Ianina Rossi

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República, Uruguay)

  • Graciela Sanromán

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República, Uruguay)

Abstract

Pension programs in Latin America have low coverage. We use large panel databases coming from administrative records of Argentina, Chile and Uruguay to characterize the histories of contribution of the population. We compute three indicators: density of contribution, transition rates and duration of the spells of contribution and no contribution. The picture that emerges is worrisome. The density of contributions is low on average and pretty heterogeneous across the population. The spells of contribution are short and interruptions are frequent. Transition rates are higher at early ages and tend to decline later in life, indicating high turnover among young individuals.

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File URL: http://economica.econo.unlp.edu.ar/documentos/20111228103420AM_Economica_577.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its journal Económica.

Volume (Year): LVII (2011)
Issue (Month): (January-December)
Pages: 127-163

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Handle: RePEc:lap:journl:577

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Related research

Keywords: Density of contributions; pensions; work history.;

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References

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  1. Alvaro Forteza & Ignacio Apella & Eduardo Fajnzylber & Carlos Grushka & Ianina Rossi & Graciela Sanroman, 2009. "Work Histories and Pension Entitlements in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay," Working Papers, Superintendencia de Pensiones 32, Superintendencia de Pensiones, revised Sep 2009.
  2. Robert Holzmann & David A. Robalino & Noriyuki Takayama, 2009. "Closing the Coverage Gap : The Role of Social Pensions and Other Retirement Income Transfers," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2651, August.
  3. Rafael Rofman & Leonardo Lucchetti & Guzmán Ourens, 2010. "Pension Systems in Latin America: Concepts and Measurements of Coverage," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers), Department of Economics - dECON 0510, Department of Economics - dECON.
  4. Francisco Pino & Solange Berstein & Guillermo Larraín, 2006. "Chilean Pension Reform: Coverage Facts and Policy Alternatives," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
  5. Marisa Bucheli & Alvaro Forteza & Ianina Rossi, 2007. "Work history and the access to contributory pensions. The case of Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers), Department of Economics - dECON 1607, Department of Economics - dECON.
  6. David Bravo & Jere R. Behrman & Olivia s. Mitchell & Petra E. Todd. & Javiera Vásquez, 2008. "Encuesta de protección social 2006: Presentación general y principales resultados," Working Papers, University of Chile, Department of Economics wp273, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Bertranou, Fabio & Cetrángolo, Oscar & Grushka, Oscar & Casanova, Luis, 2012. "Beyond the privatization and re-nationalisation of the Argentine pension system: coverage, fragmentation, and sustainability," MPRA Paper 44245, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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