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A kisvállalkozók foglalkozási mobilitása 1992 és 2001 között
[Employment mobility in small business between 1992 and 2001]

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Author Info

  • Berde, Éva
  • Scharle, Ágota

Abstract

A gazdasági szerkezetváltás irodalma a kisvállalkozások bővülését a folyamat egyik fő hajtóerejeként mutatja be, ezt azonban a kelet-európai empirikus elemzések kevéssé támasztják alá. Tanulmányunk kiinduló hipotézise szerint az önfoglalkoztatók könnyebben képesek szakmát váltani, mint az alkalmazottak, és ezzel is hozzájárulhattak a gazdasági szerkezetváltás lezajlásához. A KSH munkaerő-felmérésének egyéni szintű adataira támaszkodó elemzésünk eredményei azonban arra utalnak, hogy az általában is alacsony mobilitást mutató magyar munkaerőpiacon az önfoglalkoztatók szakmaváltásának gyakorisága legfeljebb az 1990-es évek legelső éveiben lehetett nagyobb, mint az alkalmazottaké.* Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: J62, J23.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LI (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 346-361

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:677

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Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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References

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  1. Aghion, Philippe & Schankerman, Mark, 1999. "Competition, Entry, and the Social Returns to Infrastructure in Transition Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2052, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Wendy Carlin & Saul Estrin & Mark Schaffer, 1999. "Measuring Progress in Transition and Towards EU Accession: A Comparison of Manufacturing Firms in Poland, Romania, and Spain," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan 224, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  3. Philippe Aghion & Mark Schankerman, 1999. "Competition, entry and the social returns to infrastructure in transition economies," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 7(1), pages 79-101, March.
  4. Scharle, Ágota, 2000. "Önfoglalkoztatás, munkanélküliség és családi kisvállalkozások Magyarországon
    [Self-employment, unemployment and small family firms in Hungary]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(3), pages 250-274.
  5. Czakó, Ágnes & Kuczi, Tibor & Lengyel, György & Vajda, Ágnes, 1995. "A kisvállalkozások néhány jellemzője a kilencvenes évek elején
    [Some characteristics of small ventures in the early nineties]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 399-419.
  6. Earle, John S. & Sakova, Zuzana, 2000. "Business start-ups or disguised unemployment? Evidence on the character of self-employment from transition economies," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 575-601, September.
  7. Sorm, Vit & Terrell, Katherine, 2000. "Sectoral Restructuring and Labor Mobility: A Comparative Look at the Czech Republic," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 431-455, September.
  8. Karsai, Judit, 2002. "Mit keres az állam a kockázatitőke-piacon?. A kockázati tőke állami finanszírozása Magyarországon
    [What business does the state have on venture-capital markets?. State funding of risk capi
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 928-942.
  9. Sandrine CAZES & Alena NESPOROVA, 2001. "Labour market flexibility in the transition countries: How much is too much?," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, International Labour Organization, vol. 140(3), pages 293-325, 09.
  10. Bilsen, Valentijn & Konings, Jozef, 1998. "Job Creation, Job Destruction, and Growth of Newly Established, Privatized, and State-Owned Enterprises in Transition Economies: Survey Evidence from Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 429-445, September.
  11. Vajda, Ágnes, 1999. "Munkahelyteremtés a mikrovállalkozásokban
    [Job creation in micro enterprises]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 530-547.
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