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A mezőgazdasági termelés szerkezetének változásai a fejlett országokban, I. Miért a családi gazdaság a meghatározó üzemforma a fejlett országok mezőgazdaságában?
[Changes in the structure of agricultural production in the developed countries. Part I. Why are family farms the dominant business form?]


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  • Fertő, Imre


A tanulmány a mezőgazdasági üzemszervezetek problémáját vizsgálja a fejlett országok agrárgazdaságában. A mezőgazdasági szerkezetben végbement koncentráció ellenére a családi gazdaságok szerepe meghatározó maradt. Hasonlóan fontos jelenség a részmunkaidős vagy többfoglalkozású farmok stabil és jelentős aránya, illetve a nagyszámú kisméretű gazdaság fennmaradása. Ezek a tények kétségbe vonják azokat a marxista ihletésű előrejelzéseket, hogy a mezőgazdaságban az iparhoz hasonló, hierarchizált üzemszervezetű, bérmunkán alapuló üzemek lesznek a meghatározók. A tanulmányban bemutatott elméletek elsősorban a munkaerő oldaláról elemezték a különböző üzemtípusokat. A Schmitt-modell a családi gazdaságok fennmaradásának okaként egyrészt a bérmunka alkalmazásához kapcsolódó tranzakciós költségeket, illetve a bérmunka alacsonyabb képzettségét jelölte meg. Allen és Lueck modellje rámutat arra, hogy a mezőgazdasági termelés természete korlátozza a specializációból fakadó hasznokat. Másrészt hangsúlyozza a mezőgazdasági ágazatok termelési technológiájának eltéréseit, amelyek az üzemszervezet választásában is megjelennek. A tanulmány II. része az üzemnagyság kérdését tárgyalja.* Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: Q12.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): XLIX (2002)
Issue (Month): 7 ()
Pages: 574-596

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:546

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Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary

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  1. Stephan J. Goetz & David L. Debertin, 1996. "Rural Population Decline in the 1980s: Impacts of Farm Structure and Federal Farm Programs," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(3), pages 517-529.
  2. Dawson, P. J., 1988. "Labour on the family farm: A theory under uncertainty," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, Blackwell, vol. 1(4), pages 365-380, January.
  3. James Roumasset & Marilou Uy, 1987. "Agency Costs and the Agricultural Firm," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 63(3), pages 290-302.
  4. Frisvold, George B., 1994. "Does supervision matter? Some hypothesis tests using Indian farm-level data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 217-238, April.
  5. Christopher A. Wolf & Daniel A. Sumner, 2001. "Are Farm Size Distributions Bimodal? Evidence from Kernel Density Estimates of Dairy Farm Size Distributions," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(1), pages 77-88.
  6. Dawson, P. J., 1988. "Labour on the Family Farm: a Theory under Uncertainty," Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 1(4), January.
  7. Dong, Xiao-yuan & Dow, Gregory K, 1993. "Monitoring Costs in Chinese Agricutural Teams," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 539-53, June.
  8. A. J. Errington & L. Harrison Mayfield & Y. Khatri & R. Townsend, 1997. "Estimating the price elasticity of demand for family and hired farm labour in England and Wales," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(12), pages 1561-1574.
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