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Gyermektámogatás, nyugdíj és endogén/heterogén termékenység - egy modell
[Child support, pensions and endogenous (and heterogeneous) fertility. A model]

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  • Simonovits, András

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    Abstract

    Groezen-Leers-Meijdam [2003] cikkéből kiindulva a lehető legegyszerűbben modellezzük a következő problémát: a kormányzat gyermektámogatási és nyugdíjrendszert működtetve serkenti a dolgozókat gyermekszülésre, és nyugdíjjal pótolja a "rövidlátó" dolgozók elégtelen megtakarítását. Bevezetjük a dolgozók hitelkorlátját, és kiterjesztjük a szerzőhármas elemzését heterogén nevelési költségekre és gyermektámogatásokra. Két fő eredményünk: 1. a transzferrendszer növelésekor át kell ugrani azt a szakadékot, amely a jólét kezdeti csökkenése miatt keletkezik; 2. bár a termékenységfüggő nyugdíjak bevezetése növeli az átlagos termékenységet, de csökkenti a társadalmi jólétet, és erősítheti a termékenység heterogenitását. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: D10, H55, J13, J14, J18, J26.

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    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): LXI (2014)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 672-692

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1486

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    1. Cremer, Helmuth & Gahvari, Firouz & Pestieau, Pierre, 2006. "Pensions with endogenous and stochastic fertility," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(12), pages 2303-2321, December.
    2. Antonio Rangel, 2003. "Forward and Backward Intergenerational Goods: Why Is Social Security Good for the Environment?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(3), pages 813-834, June.
    3. Bas Groezen & Lex Meijdam, 2008. "Growing old and staying young: population policy in an ageing closed economy," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 573-588, July.
    4. Fenge, Robert & Meier, Volker, 2005. "Pensions and Fertility Incentives," Munich Reprints in Economics 20343, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    5. Fenge, Robert & Meier, Volker, 2009. "Are family allowances and fertility-related pensions perfect substitutes?," Munich Reprints in Economics 20340, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    6. Martin Feldstein, 1982. "The Optimal Level of Social Security Benefits," NBER Working Papers 0970, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Cigno, Alessandro, 1992. "Children and Pensions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 5(3), pages 175-83, August.
    8. Eckstein, Zvi & Wolpin, Kenneth I., 1985. "Endogenous fertility and optimal population size," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 93-106, June.
    9. van Groezen, Bas & Leers, Theo & Meijdam, Lex, 2003. "Social security and endogenous fertility: pensions and child allowances as siamese twins," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 233-251, February.
    10. Lindbeck, Assar & Nyberg, Sten & Weibull, Jörgen W., 1997. "Social Norms and Economic Incentives in the Welfare State," Working Paper Series 476, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    11. Andras Simonovits, 2014. "Optimal Child Allowances with Heterogeneous Fertilities," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1401, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
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