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The backward-bending commute times of married women with household responsibility

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  • Shinichiro Iwata

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  • Keiko Tamada

    ()

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    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to examine theoretically and empirically whether the commute times of married women follow a backward-bending pattern with respect to wage rates. The existing literature has shown that married women tend to choose short commutes because of their relatively low wages combined with comparatively heavy household responsibilities. However, a work–leisure model, which includes the simultaneous decision wives take regarding commute times and wage rates, suggests that married women employed in highly paid positions also undertake short commutes, while married women with wage rates in the middle range choose long commutes. These results suggest that the commute times of married women display a backward-bending pattern. Applying an instrumental variable strategy that accounts for the endogeneity of wage rates, the empirical results for employed married women in Japan appear to support this finding. Moreover, one of our results suggests that highly paid married women can still secure greater leisure time with short commutes, despite retaining a heavy load of domestic responsibilities. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11116-013-9458-5
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Transportation.

    Volume (Year): 41 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 2 (March)
    Pages: 251-278

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:transp:v:41:y:2014:i:2:p:251-278

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=103007

    Related research

    Keywords: Commute times; Leisure time; Household responsibilities; Married women;

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    1. Meliyanni Johar & Shiko Maruyama & Sayaka Nakamura, 2010. "Transition to Parent-Child Coresidence: Parental Needs and the Strategic Bequest Motive," Discussion Papers 2010-05, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
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    3. Ueda, Atsuko, 2005. "Intrafamily time allocation of housework: evidence from Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 1-23, March.
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    10. Scott Fuess, 2012. "Leisure in Japan, 1986–2006: A Revival?," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 250-260, June.
    11. Sandow, Erika & Westin, Kerstin, 2010. "The persevering commuter - Duration of long-distance commuting," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 44(6), pages 433-445, July.
    12. Zhang, Junyi & Timmermans, Harry J. P. & Borgers, Aloys, 2005. "A model of household task allocation and time use," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 81-95, January.
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