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Flexible Technology and Industrial Structure in the U.S

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  • Carlsson, Bo
  • Taymaz, Erol

Abstract

This paper analyzes the development over the postwar period of output, employment, and the number of plants in manufacturing in the United States. It is shown that the distribution of flexible technology in the form of machine tools (NCMTs) shifted markedly toward small plants during the 1980s. It is found that the probability of adoption and the penetration rate of NCMTs are higher in large than in small plants, even though the number of NCMTs per worker is much higher in small plants. This apparent paradox is explained. It is also suggested that the shift of output towards smaller plants is correlated with the increased use of flexible technology, and that this reflects changes in the division of labor among plants of various sizes as well as changes in the composition and organization of production in large plants. Copyright 1994 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Small Business Economics.

Volume (Year): 6 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3 (June)
Pages: 193-209

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Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:6:y:1994:i:3:p:193-209

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100338

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Cited by:
  1. Audretsch, David B. & van Leeuwen, George & Menkveld, Bert & Thurik, Roy, 2001. "Market dynamics in the Netherlands: Competition policy and the role of small firms," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 795-821, April.
  2. Gerald A. McDermott, 2000. "Network Restructuring and Firm Creation in East-Central Europe: A Public-Private Venture," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 361, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  3. David Audretsch & Roy Thurik, 2004. "A Model of the Entrepreneurial Economy," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-12, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  4. repec:dgr:uvatin:2001030 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. David Audretsch & Roy Thurik, 0000. "Sources of Growth," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 97-109/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Bellou, Victoria, 2008. "Exploring civic virtue and turnover intention during organizational changes," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 61(7), pages 778-789, July.

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