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The impact of human capital on the early success of necessity versus opportunity-based entrepreneurs

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  • Rui Baptista

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  • Murat Karaöz
  • Joana Mendonça
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    Abstract

    This paper examines whether founders’ backgrounds influence new firm survival in the early years after startup, focusing, in particular, on the impact of unemployment-driven entrepreneurship. For entrepreneurs who left their previous employment to found a new firm, both general and specific human capital play a key role in enhancing early survival chances. However, various forms of human capital have little effect on early survival of unemployment-driven entrepreneurs, who rely mostly on previous entrepreneurial experience to persevere. Results suggest that pre-entry capabilities play an important role in the early success of opportunity-based entrepreneurs, but have little influence on the early success of necessity-based ones. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11187-013-9502-z
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Small Business Economics.

    Volume (Year): 42 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 4 (April)
    Pages: 831-847

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:42:y:2014:i:4:p:831-847

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100338

    Related research

    Keywords: Entrepreneur human capital; Pre-entry capabilities; New firm survival; Opportunity-based entrepreneurship; Necessity-based entrepreneurship; L26;

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    References

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